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Korean language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_language 1 of 14 12/3/2007 8:22 PM Korean 한국어 , 조선말 Hangugeo, Chos ŏ nmal Spoken in: South Korea, North Korea Total speakers: 78 million [1] Ranking: 15 Language family: Unclassified: perhaps an Altaic language or a language isolate Writing system: Exclusive use of Hangul (N. & S. Korea), mix of Hangul and Hanja (S. Korea), or Cyrillic alphabet (lesser used in Goryeomal ) Official status Official language in: North Korea South Korea Regulated by: S. Korea: Gungnip-gugeowon (National Institute of Korean Language (http://www.korean.go.kr) ; 국립국어원 ) N. Korea: Sahoe Kwahagw ŏ n Ŏ hak Y ŏ nguso ( 사회 과학원 어학 연구소 ) Language codes ISO 639-1: ko ISO 639-2: kor ISO 639-3: kor (http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=kor) Korean language From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language. See Hangul for details on the native Korean writing system. Korean ( 한국어/조선말 , see below) is the official language of both North Korea and South Korea. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China. There are about 80 million Korean speakers, with large groups in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, the United States, Post-Soviet states, and more recently the Philippines. The genealogical classification of the Korean language is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family, while others consider it to be a language isolate. It is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax. Like the Japanese and Vietnamese languages, Korean language was influenced by the Chinese language in the form of Sino-Korean words. Native Korean words account for about 35% of the Korean vocabulary, while about 60% of the Korean vocabulary consists of Sino-Korean words. The remaining 5% comes from loan words from other languages, 90% of which are from English. [2] Contents 1 Names 2 Classification 3 Dialects 4 Phonology 4.1 Vowels 4.2 Phonology
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Korean language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_language 2 of 14 12/3/2007 8:22 PM 5 Grammar 5.1 Sentence structure 5.2 Parts of speech 5.2.1 Verb 5.2.2 Adjective 5.2.3 Determiner 5.2.4 Noun 5.2.5 Pronoun 5.2.6 Adverb 5.2.7 Particle 5.2.8 Interjection 5.2.9 Number 6 Speech levels and honorifics 6.1 Honorifics 6.2 Speech levels 7 Vocabulary 8 Writing system 9 Differences between North Korea and South Korea 9.1 Pronunciation 9.2 Spelling 9.3 Spelling and pronunciation 9.4 Grammar 9.5 Vocabulary 9.6 Others 10 See also 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External links Names The Korean names for the language are based on the names for Korea used in North and South Korea. In North Korea and Yanbian in China, the language is most often called Chos ŏ nmal ( 조선말 ; with Hanja: 朝鮮 ), or more formally, Chos ŏ n ŏ ( 조선어 ; 朝鮮語 ).
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