Chapter+9 - Chapter 9 The Triumph and Collapse of...

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Chapter 9 The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism: 1800- 1824 Jefferson’s Presidency First non-Federalist President Reduced size of the federal government Popular with yeoman farmers First administration a success- reduced size of government, unified Republican Party, let Alien and Sedition Acts lapse, and Louisiana Purchase Defeated Charles Pinckney for reelection – 1804 – second administration not so good Belief in Federalist aristocracy – weekly levees Women – Dolley Madison – informal political power Cornerstone of domestic policy – retrenchment Albert Gallatin – Jefferson’s Secretary of Treasury Jefferson appointed people with sound Republican principles to federal office By the time Jefferson left office in 1809, Republicans held nearly all the appointive offices John Marshall – Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Samuel Chase – Supreme Court Justice – tried for “high crimes and misdemeanors” – not convicted Louisiana Purchase Barbary pirates attacking U. S. ships in the Mediterranean – Jefferson used navy against the pirates Anglo-French Peace – Napoleon could revive French empire in America Before Louisiana Purchase – Lewis and Clark had congressional approval for their expedition which would end on the Columbia River at Fort Clatsop on the Pacific coast of Oregon 1803 – Napoleon wished to sell Louisiana Territory - he had failed to conquer Haiti – sold for 15 million dollars – about 3.5 cents per acre!

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