Midterm Study Guide II

Midterm Study Guide - Name MIDTERM EXAM 4O POINTS First and foremost don't forget to WRITE YOUR NAME For each question write in the space provided

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                                                                                                                                               Name : MIDTERM EXAM 4O POINTS First and foremost don’t forget to WRITE YOUR NAME . For each question, write in the space provided; this is “short answer” NOT essay Partial credit can be earned on each question. Be sure you understand the question, if you are not clear, come up and ask me. GOOD LUCK! 1. What is Cultural Relativism (2pts)? a. Cultural Relativism is the argument that morality is relative to one’s culture. What is “good” is that which is socially acceptable by the majority of a specific culture and what is “bad” is socially unacceptable by the majority of the given culture. Each individual culture decides what is right and wrong for that culture alone; cultural legislation determines right and wrong. 2. Provide an argument against Cultural relativism (3pts): a. There is a problem with the form of the argument for Cultural Relativism. The premise concerns what people believe (is right and wrong), but the conclusion (that each culture decides what is right and wrong for that culture alone) is concerned with what really is (right and wrong). For example, simply because a majority of people in culture x believe murdering someone is right, does not make it moral. 3. What is the State of Nature according to Hobbes (3pts)? a. Hobbes says that the State of Nature is the features of human nature which force us into a social contract. The four features of Hobbes’ State of Nature include: equality of need (everyone’s needs are equally important), scarcity (things are finite), essential quality of human power (one person can bring down the next), and limited altruism (people who are not entirely selfish still watch out for
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PHIL 104 taught by Professor Wion during the Spring '08 term at Marquette.

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Midterm Study Guide - Name MIDTERM EXAM 4O POINTS First and foremost don't forget to WRITE YOUR NAME For each question write in the space provided

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