Unit 7_Using Evidence_Dust Bowl Migrants_3.0.pdf - Dust...

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Dust Bowl MigrantsUsing EvidenceObjectiveWhat were the effects of the Dust Bowl ? How did the Dust Bowlimpact and shape migration patterns? Whowere the Dust Bowlmigrants?Contextualization - Part 1:Read the historical context provided below and closely review the map.When you are done, answerthe contextualization questions on the next page.The Dust Bowl began as a drought, or severe lack of rain water. When the droughtstruck in 1930, temperatures soared. For example, in 1930 it was 108 degrees inKansas for weeks on end. As the drought waged on, high winds would blow the toplayer of soil away, eroding the land and making it impossible to farm. One Kansascounty, which produced 3.4 million bushels of wheat in 1931, harvested just 89,000bushels in 1933. Regular rainfall would not return to the region until 1939.The Dust Bowl resulted in hundreds of families migrating to the southwest and WestCoast. Although the Dust Bowl included many Great Plains states, the migrantswere generically known as "Okies," referring to the approximately 20 percent whowere from Oklahoma. The migrants came primarily from Oklahoma, Texas,Arkansas, and Missouri. Most migrants ended up in California.California was not the promised land of the migrants' dreams. Although the weatherwas comparatively better and farmers' fields were bountiful with produce,Californians also felt the effects of the Depression. Local and state infrastructureswere already overburdened, and the steady stream of newly arriving migrants wasmore than the system could bear. Additionally, arrival in California did not put an endto the migrants' travels. Their lives were characterized by migration. In an attempt tomaintain a steady income, workers had to follow the harvest around the state. Whenpotatoes were ready to be picked, the migrants needed to be where the potatoeswere. The same principle applied to harvesting cotton, lemons, oranges, peas, andother crops.Source for map:National Resources Conservation Service| Source for text:Digital History,Library of Congress
Contextualization - Part 1 - Analysis Questions:

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Term
Spring
Professor
Lacroix
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