Jan 9 - POLI 243 Theories and Assumptions 9:35:00 AM...

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POLI 243 09/01/2008 09:35:00 Theories and Assumptions     Theories are based on assumptions. Understand the assumptions to understand the theories. An  assumption is not necessarily true, but you treat it as true.  Assumption: Realists assume states are the principal int’l actors.  How to test an assumption: Think about whether or not it gives a good theory. Realist ex: In int’l  investments, are states more important than multinational corps? Maybe another theory fits better.  Paradigms Definition:  1. An example (the model) 2. An approach- using a set of assumptions to view facts.  Categorizing Theories into Paradigms  by their Characteristics- different approaches to power and wealth 1. Realism- the dominant approach to IR in the 50s and 60s. Emphasizes conflict over cooperation,  security concerns.  2. Liberalism- more about wealth than about power.  3. Marxism- people critical about how markets operate, about liberalists and realists. 
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