Sociology 100 Compare and contrast scientific sociology, interpretive sociology, and critical sociology. Be sure to explain which approaches best describe the work of Comte, Durkheim, and Marx. In 1983 Aguste Comte invented the term sociology, he saw sociology as the product of a three-stage historical development: theological stage, metaphysical stage, and scientific stage. Comte’s and Durkheim used scientific sociology also known as “positivism” which studies society based on systematic observation. Comte used scientific approach to study the physical world, to the study of society. Durkheim used scientific approach and structural-functional approach explained the differences in terms of social integration. Karl Max used critical sociology and social-conflict approach and to study powerful groups and their use of power in order to exploit groups with less power. He rejected the idea that society exist as a natural system with a steady order so he used critical sociology to focus on the need for social change. (2013, pp. 7, 15, 16) There are four things that defers from positivist and interpretive sociology. Positivist sociology focuses on people’s actions, what they do. On the other hand, interpretive sociology concentrates on people’s understanding of their actions and their surroundings. Secondly, positivist sociology claims that objective reality exists, as whereas, interpretive sociology answers that reality is subjective, assembled by people in the course of their everyday lives. Thirdly, positivist sociology is likely to favor quantitative data of people’s behavior, while interpretive sociology favors qualitative data by observing how people understand their world.
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- Summer '13
- Sociology, Interpretive sociology, Aguste Comte