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Music History Test 3

Music History Test 3 - XI Secular Music of 16th C composers...

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XI- Secular Music of 16 th C - composers cultivated national genres and styles in secular / vocal music o Spanish villancico, Italian frottola and madrigal, French chanson, German Lieder, and the English madrigal / lute song o First market for printed music- demand for notated music they could perform for pleasure Amateurs sought music in their own language growth of nat’l styles - frotolla- strophic, syllabic, homophonic; melody in upper voice and accompanying parts are played by instruments; mock-pop song written for the aristocracy (Marco Cara – Frotolla) - *Italian Madrigal o enrich meaning of text through music expression & drama o Italy became leader in Euro music o Led to opera o Through-composed musical setting of poetry w/o refrains - early madrigals had 4 voices, then 5 at mid-century o One voice per part or instruments o Composed for the enjoyment of performers but also for concerts o Rise of madrigal attributed to poet Petrarch Harsh and pleasing words could be set with major and minor imperfect consonances - Cipriano de Rore- leading madrigalist(1550) o Interest in humanism, greek tradition of ethos o Longer rhythms for accented syllables, chromaticism - Marenzio- madrigals depicting contrasting feelings and visual details - Gesualdo- sharp contrasts in harmony, texture, rhythm and chromaticism - England- Italian culture became fashionable later in the century o Italian madrigals translated into English, native composers wrote new madrigals o Solo songs (airs) w/ lute accompaniment (tabs) became prominent around 1600 New Styles in the 17 th C - New developments in science, politics, and economics, affected musicians, continued religious conflicts o Scientific method, math, observation o New colonies brought euro traditions to New World o Emergence of capitalism public operas and concerts, published music instruments, and music lessons o Italy dominant influence on euro music, French were imitated, Germans blended - emphasis on dramatic in all the arts
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o music that was emotionally moving, expressing the affections (states of the soul) - Monteverdi vs. Artusi
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