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1AssignmentNameCourseProfessorInstitutionDate
2Questions #1 – State Trial CourtsThe Local/Municipal Civil Courts (Small Claims)Most small claims courts only hear civil matters involving $10,000 or less. The countyand state will determine your case's restrictions. Such courts can handle most civil issues, includ-ing contract issues, personal injury (including dog attacks), debt collection, and professional mal-practice (like bad car repairs). Small claims court is a public venue for legal disputes. These areinformal processes where persons (litigants) can raise their claims. The plaintiff may pay a filingfee, the parties may attempt to negotiate an arrangement, or there may be a court hearing whenthey speak to the judge. Judges usually deliver verdicts within a few days after reading the plain-tiff's claim and the defendant's response. A small claims court reduces the expense and time of afull trial. The disadvantage of small claims court may be the absence of legal representation.The Local/Municipal Criminal CourtsMunicipal courts are the criminal justice system's lowest tier. Most municipal courts donot operate as unbiased, independent guardians of the law. They also allow cities to assert theirpolitical independence and redistribute wealth, making them underrated local governance en-gines. As criminal judges, they silently participate in localized mass imprisonment while jeopar-dizing the process's credibility. They provide a chance to make illegal institutions more respon-sive to local needs (Boyd, 2020). To sum up, they show how moderate cases and institutionsshape the law itself.The State Magistrate CourtsIn criminal and civil matters, the Magistrates' Tribunals are the subordinate courts thatdeal with less serious offenses. Regional courts and district courts are the two main types. Magis-trate courts are restricted in their authority to jail or penalize offenders. The High Court or CrownCourt deals with appeals from magistrates' courts (Boyd, 2020). Regarding issues involving chil-
3dren under 14, the magistrates' court also serves as a juvenile court, considering cases involving14–17-year-olds, except for homicide. It's very uncommon for magistrates in the United States tobe elected or appointed, and in places where the court system still exists, they don't need legal ex-pertise. Still, in big cities, the majority of them are attorneys.

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Term
Spring
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Supreme Court of the United States, Boyd, State court

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