Unformatted text preview: First Major Exam Due Sep 21 at 11:59pm Points 100 Questions 100 Available Sep 15 at 12am - Sep 21 at 11:59pm 7 days Time Limit 90 Minutes Instructions
The exam consists of 100 multiple choice questions. You have one attempt of 90 minutes to complete the exam. At the end of 90 minutes the exam will automatically be submitted. After the exam closes, you will be able to review and see correct answers Wednesday to Friday of next week. Attempt History LATEST Attempt Time Score Attempt 1 75 minutes 96 out of 100 Correct answers will be available on Sep 22 at 12:05am.
Score for this quiz: 96 out of 100 Submitted Sep 19 at 2:46pm This attempt took 75 minutes. Question 1 1 / 1 pts The maximum distance between Earth and Sun occurs in July and is called the ________. Coriolis
perihelion Question 2 1 / 1 pts The solid, inorganic portion of the Earth system is known as the ________. Earth
biosphere Question 3
The farthest north the vertical rays of the Sun ever reach north of the Equator occurs on or about ________. March 23
July 4 1 / 1 pts Question 4 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is not a major topic taught in a course of introductory physical geography? climate
population Question 5 1 / 1 pts At the June solstice, day length varies from ________ hours at the Equator to ________ hours at the North Pole. 0, 24
24, 12 Question 6 1 / 1 pts Universal Time Coordinated is also known as ________. Pacific Standard Time
Greenwich Mean Time
Central Daylight Time
Leap Year Time
the solstice Question 7
The most important physical effect of the Earth's rotation is ________. to cause continents to "drift"
the alternation of sunlight and darkness
Daylight Saving Time
the blue appearance of clear sky 1 / 1 pts Question 8 1 / 1 pts Earth's diameter is CLOSEST to ________ kilometers. 12
120,000 Question 9 1 / 1 pts Longitude is divided into multiples of ________ degrees for the purpose of delimiting standard time zones. 10
34 Question 10 1 / 1 pts The circle of illumination just touches the Antarctic Circle on or about ________. March 23
January 1 Question 11
The Earth rotates about its great circle.
Equator. 1 / 1 pts Question 12 1 / 1 pts When the Sun's rays are directly overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn, it is ________. March 21
October 21 Question 13 1 / 1 pts Earth rotates around its rotational axis. A plane at a right angle to and bisecting Earth's axis is known as the ________. North Pole
Plane of the Ecliptic
plane of the Equator
plane of the meridian
Arctic Circle Question 14 1 / 1 pts The Sun is a star in the ________ galaxy. Orion
Betelgeuse Question 15 1 / 1 pts A spot on Earth's surface rotates fastest at the ________. Equator
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
North Pole Question 16 1 / 1 pts The north end of Earth's axis points towards the Moon.
Polaris. Question 17 1 / 1 pts The ________ is the name of the orbital plane on which the Earth revolves. aphelion
great circle Question 18 1 / 1 pts Geography is a physical science.
a social science.
an art, not a science.
much the same as geology.
a combination of physical and social sciences. Question 19 1 / 1 pts The Plane of the Ecliptic is the same as the plane of the Equator.
is not important in physical geography.
is another way of describing the latitude of the vertical Sun.
is the same thing as the Tropic of Cancer.
is Earth's orbital plane around the Sun. Question 20 1 / 1 pts The first nearly correct measurement of the Earth's circumference was made by ________. Newton
Plato Question 21 1 / 1 pts The shape of Earth's orbit around the Sun is an _______. ellipse.
parabola. Question 22 1 / 1 pts Just as the Equator is used as a baseline to measure latitude, the ________ is used as a baseline to measure longitude. the Prime Meridian
the International Date Line
polar great circle
Greenwich mean time Question 23 1 / 1 pts On June 21, the Sun's rays are directly over the Equator.
Tropic of Cancer.
Tropic of Capricorn.
Plane of the Ecliptic. Question 24
An equinox has the property of 1 / 1 pts the Sun at the same angle at all latitudes.
12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of night at all latitudes.
the vertical rays of the Sun at the Tropic of Cancer.
total darkness north of the Arctic Circle.
24 hours of darkness at the Equator. Question 25 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is out of order in the ideal application of the scientific method? observe a phenomenon that stimulates a question
design an experiment
observe the outcome of an experiment
formulate a rule
make a hypothesis Question 26 1 / 1 pts At times, latitudes higher than ________ degrees can have up to 24 hours of continuous darkness. 10
90 Incorrect Question 27 0 / 1 pts The United States, including Alaska and Hawaii, spans ________ time zones. 3
36 Question 28
The fact that at any time during the year, the Earth's axis is parallel to its orientation at all other times is called its parallelism, or ________. 1 / 1 pts revolution
perihelion Question 29 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is not contained within Earth's system of latitude and longitude? a longitude of 5°W
a longitude of 185°E
a latitude of 0°
a longitude of 165°W
a latitude of 36°N Question 30 1 / 1 pts Of the following, which is the first day of spring? June solstice
solstice Question 31 1 / 1 pts How many degrees of latitude are there between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn? 0
180 Question 32
The word geography comes from the Greek, meaning ________. 1 / 1 pts the study of rocks
drawing of maps
the study of human culture Question 33 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is a topic of study in a physical geography course? landforms
all of the above Question 34 1 / 1 pts When the circle of illumination just touches the Arctic Circle and the North Pole is dark, the date is closest to March 23.
July 4. Question 35 1 / 1 pts Numbered meridians are semicircles.
are east-west lines.
diverge as they near the poles.
are the same thing as parallels.
are numbered from 0-100 in three hemispheres. Question 36
In angular measurement, a minute contains ________ seconds. 1 / 1 pts 0
3,600 Question 37 1 / 1 pts The response to Earth's rotation is wind.
Mt. Everest. Question 38 1 / 1 pts The graticule of the Earth is also known as ________. a great circle
latitude and longitude
a standard time zone
analemma Question 39 1 / 1 pts The ________ is a basic unit of distance in the Système International (metric system). mole
meter Question 40
The acceptance of of a theory or hypothesis is based on 1 / 1 pts a preponderance of evidence.
the pronouncements of authorities.
all of the above Question 41 1 / 1 pts The highest numbered latitude used in the geographic grid is ________°. 90
365 Question 42 1 / 1 pts Of the following, which is a great circle? Tropic of Capricorn
Tropic of Cancer
Antarctic Circle Question 43 1 / 1 pts A cross section of Earth cut from pole to pole would reveal which shape? circle
crescent Question 44
The constant angle between Earth's axis and the Plane of the Ecliptic is called Earth's ________. 1 / 1 pts polarity
praxis Question 45 1 / 1 pts The Sun's rays are directly overhead at the ________ on or about December 21. Tropic of Capricorn
Tropic of Cancer
North Pole Question 46 1 / 1 pts Eratosthenes was the first to accurately measure the Earth's ________. radius
hemisphere Question 47 1 / 1 pts The angular inclination of the Earth's axis with respect to a line perpendicular to the Plane of the Ecliptic varies through the year.
is 0 degrees.
is 23.5 degrees.
is 66.5 degrees.
is 90 degrees. Question 48
In New York City, this is the shortest day of the year and the Sun is also lowest in the sky. 1 / 1 pts vernal equinox
aphelion Question 49 1 / 1 pts Which of the following best describes the latitude and longitude of North America? Northern and Southern Hemispheres
Eastern and Western Hemispheres
Northern and Eastern Hemispheres
Eastern and Southern Hemispheres
Northern and Western Hemispheres Question 50 1 / 1 pts The Earth is 3.3 percent closer to the Sun during the Northern Hemisphere ________ than when it is farthest away. spring
aphelion Question 51 1 / 1 pts Which of the following portions of the electromagnetic spectrum is sensed on FILM? microwave
multispectral Question 52
________ is the "major dilemma" of mapmaking explained by the text. 1 / 1 pts Conformality versus scale
Scale versus equivalence
Equivalence versus conformality
Conic versus azimuthal projections
The inclusion of too much information on a map Question 53 1 / 1 pts All map projections have this in common. small scale
perfect portrayal of the globe Question 54 1 / 1 pts Of the following, which is NOT considered a map essential? title
scale Question 55 1 / 1 pts The smallest scale of the following is 1:100,000.
1:900,000. Question 56 1 / 1 pts Satellite data are analyzed in individual pieces representing several to many meters on the Earth's surface. These pieces are known as pixels.
false color images.
computer maps. Question 57 1 / 1 pts Together, title, date, and legend on a map are known as marginal information.
optional pieces. Question 58 1 / 1 pts Which of the following bands are NOT used by the Earth-sensing satellites mentioned in the text? x-rays
visible red Question 59 1 / 1 pts Which of the following would be used for overlay map analysis where two or more map layers are superimposed or integrated? GIS
color infrared Question 60
On which type of aerial imagery would a football field of artificial grass be discernible from natural grass? 1 / 1 pts color photography
black and white photography
color infrared photography
microwave imagery Question 61 1 / 1 pts One difference between any two different map projections must always be scale.
how the geographic grid is arranged.
the number of degrees from the Equator to the North Pole.
how accurately shapes are portrayed.
how accurately relative sizes are portrayed. Question 62 1 / 1 pts The ERTS series of satellites, launched in the 1970s, is now known as GOES.
Landsat. Question 63 1 / 1 pts ________ are multicolored, distortion-free photographic image maps. Displacements caused by camera tilt or differences in terrain elevations have been removed. Aerial photographs
Vertical aerial photographs
Mercator projections Question 64
"Scale" relates ________ to ________ . 1 / 1 pts Earth distance, Earth distance
map distance, map distance
map distance, Earth distance
Earth distance, map distortion
map distortion, map distance Question 65 1 / 1 pts The most important Earth resources satellite series was started in the 1970s and is known as ______. Landsat
GOES Question 66 1 / 1 pts ________ is what enables aerial photographs to be viewed in "stereo." Magnification
Digital image processing Question 67 1 / 1 pts _______ is the type of remote sensing imagery best suited to use at night. Visible
An orthophoto map
Thermal infrared Question 68
A disadvantage of globes compared to maps is that globes are not 1 / 1 pts conformal.
suitable for use in class.
as portable. Question 69 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is an advantage of radar over all other remote sensing techniques? It can operate at high altitude.
It can operate at night.
It can operate in clear weather.
It can operate at wavelengths shorter than 1 micrometer.
It can operate without using an electrical source. Question 70 1 / 1 pts Every map projection consists of an orderly arrangement of scale.
the geographic grid.
interruptions. Question 71 1 / 1 pts The global positioning system (GPS) is based on aerial photography.
infrared light sources.
data from satellites.
large, expensive receivers.
gravity waves from the Sun and moon. Question 72
The characteristic of projections which portray accurate sizes but distort the shapes of land masses is called ________. 1 / 1 pts conformality
polyconic Incorrect Question 73 0 / 1 pts Which of the following would be a type of application in which a geographic information system could be used? integrating topographic information with vegetation information
environment site assessment
all of the above Question 74 1 / 1 pts Aerial photography of the Earth's surface taken from an angle other than straight down is termed ________. useless
isogonic Question 75 1 / 1 pts For the geographer, the new mapping tools like remote sensing, GPS, and GIS are best viewed as replacements for traditional geographic description.
in the test mode and too expensive for most geographers to use.
adjuncts to field study.
aids to the study of small areas.
too difficult for geographers to use. Question 76
In ________ film photography, the photographic film is sensitive to wavelengths longer than visible light. 1 / 1 pts color infrared
Landsat Question 77 1 / 1 pts You wish to navigate your yacht from Europe to the United States. Which type of map projection would be most useful? conic
cylindrical Question 78 1 / 1 pts The property of equivalence portrays accurate size although it ________. bends parallels
renders the poles as lines
stretches the circle of tangency
all of the above Question 79 1 / 1 pts ________ is the science of obtaining reliable measurements from photographs. Sonar
Satellite imaging Question 80
Which of the following refers to an "active" remote sensing system? 1 / 1 pts radar
color infrared photography
thermal infrared imagery
black and white photography Question 81 1 / 1 pts The first airborne platform for aerial photography was a ________. balloon
lighthouse Question 82 1 / 1 pts Maps can be made by projecting Earth's spherical grid onto a cone.
a piece of paper.
all of the above Question 83 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is the acronym for the system of U.S. Department of Defense satellites which are used to establish exact locations on Earth? GIS
Color infrared Question 84 1 / 1 pts Aside from normal photographic film, ________ film has proven very valuable for interpretation of Earth resources from airborne cameras. color infrared
gamma ray Question 85 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is TRUE concerning GPS technology? It appears useful but receivers are very expensive.
It usually cannot pinpoint locations with an accuracy greater than 1 km.
The GPS satellites are owned by a private corporation.
The technology is freely available to the public.
The GPS technology allows "perfect" maps to be drawn. Question 86 1 / 1 pts The main purpose of the interruption of projections is ________. to improve portrayal of the oceans
to provide a stereoscopic view
to make maps compatible with air photos
to highlight continents with minimum distortion
to save ink during printing Question 87 1 / 1 pts On an orthophoto map, one might expect to find distortion-free photographs.
many problems with map distortion.
sketches rather than true projections.
cultural but not physical features.
symbols that are difficult to read. Question 88
On large scale maps, equivalence and conformity can be 1 / 1 pts simultaneously present.
simultaneously approximated for small areas.
disregarded if the map is of high latitudes.
considered to be the same map property.
any of the above Question 89 1 / 1 pts Which of the following is NOT part of a Geographic Information System? collection, input, and correction of data
human drawing of isolines on maps
data storage and retrieval
output and reporting
manipulation and analysis of data layers Question 90 1 / 1 pts Which of the following choices represents a technology into which the other choices can be used as inputs? GPS
aerial photography Question 91 1 / 1 pts A Mercator map is constructed by projecting the grid of the globe onto a ________. flat surface
circle Question 92
A ________ map contains lines joining points of equal elevation. 1 / 1 pts isobar
isogonic Incorrect Question 93 0 / 1 pts Which of the following has been accomplished using the new geopositioning technology? ocean floor mapping
natural disaster damage assessment
all of the above Question 94 1 / 1 pts Three dimensional effects are best obtained with ________. vertical aerial photographs
color infrared photography
none of the above Incorrect Question 95 0 / 1 pts A mountain appears in overlapping vertical aerial photographs. Which of the following measurements could be made by use of the photographs? exact altitudes
steepness of its slopes
all of the above Question 96
Geopositioning technology 1 / 1 pts typically uses receivers larger than filing cabinets.
has accuracies better than the best base maps.
has never been commercially successful.
began in the 1920s.
is another term for the drawing of isolines. Question 97 1 / 1 pts A GIS is a library of information based on satellites.
stereoscopic image viewing.
many land survey records stored on microfilm.
maps. Question 98 1 / 1 pts Isolines have all the properties EXCEPT the following: They are always closed loops (the loops sometimes. closing off the map.
They may cross each other.
The numerical difference between isolines are intervals.
Close isolines indicate a steep gradient.
They were first used on a map about 300 years ago. Question 99 1 / 1 pts The most famous and, undoubtedly, most widely used of all the map projections is the ________ projection. gnomonic
Mollweide Question 100
The "false color" imagery of some aerial photographs is also termed ________. 1 / 1 pts Landsat
radar Quiz Score: 96 out of 100 ...
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