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Unformatted text preview: Lecture Notes:- 1990s: London KE Family none could speak, read, write, distinguish words o Result: one gene that made language possibleFOXP2- 200,000-20,000 years ago = first communication- Otto Jespersen: 5 theoriesnone convincing o Ex: bow-wow speech imitates nature- Everything communicates Jaques Tati o signs around since beginning of humanity- Semiotics: Study of signs and codes- Signified = concept that signifier conjures in mindmental image- Arbitrary = accidental, unintentional o Language doesnt imitate nature i.e. tree doesnt look like a tree- If signs dont come from nature, they must come from culture o Value depends on context in a system- Ferdinand de Sassure: understand basic structures, origins, elements of language o 1. Sign = signifier + signified o 2. Relationship between them is arbitrary o 3. Signs have value only in relation to a system/part of a code- the sound image process by which our brain recognizes sound- Langue = structure, system, code, order- Parole = individual speech act, actual words used- Immutability = inherited, part of an environment, doent change overnight- Mutability = new words, slang, ways of expression/speaking change- Communication is TRANSFORMED, TRANSMITTED, TRANSPORTED by media- Marshall McLuhan: doesnt care about signs o the medium is the message o Sassure=abstract, McLuhan=concrete- Paleolithic Era: 2.5 mil to 10,000 years ago o Earliest/largest area of cultural development o Tools: used stone, smaller, have uses- Tools vs Words: o Tools, like words represent, can be metaphoric o Words are tools speech development- Alta Mira (1868): lifesize figures of about 25 animals- Lascaux: 30,000 BC France o 70 different paintings of animals in motion- Cave Paintings : o Why?: 1. Existence of successful hunting community 2. Favorable environment leisure time 3. Must be a function o Soc Functions Ritual...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course COMM 104 taught by Professor Kafka during the Spring '07 term at NYU.
- Spring '07