psych exam 4 notes - Psych 1101 Exam 4 Notes Social Psychology Primacy effect(first impressions we tend to be influenced more by earlier information

psych exam 4 notes - Psych 1101 Exam 4 Notes Social...

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Psych 1101 Exam 4 Notes Social Psychology Primacy effect (first impressions) – we tend to be influenced more by earlier information when thinking about people. First impressions matter. A lot. Stereotype – a generalized belief or expectation about a group of people Positive stereotype. “Asians are smart” Neutral stereotype. “Hispanics eat spicy food.” Negative stereotype. “white men can’t jump” Even if a stereotype isn’t harmful on the surface, it is usually ignorant of the wide variability among people within a certain group Prejudice – an unfavorable stereotype that includes a negative attitude toward a group of people Overcoming stereotypes & prejudices o Get to know someone, or a group of people o get two people or groups of people to work together toward a common goal What else can go wrong in the way we think about things? “It is the peculiar and perpetual error of the human understanding to be more moved and excited by affirmatives than by negatives” – Francis bacon Confirmation bias – the tendency to search for, interpret, or prioritize information in a way that confirms one’s beliefs or hypothesis o We basically search for evidence that supports our beliefs, and ignore evidence that doesn’t Attribution – the set of thought processes we use to assign causes to our own behavior and to the behavior of others o Internal attribution – we attribute behavior to an internal source (a person, yourself) o
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