introppt12+3-3-08

introppt12+3-3-08 - best solution Gender inequality at work...

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Today: Gender Stratification Gender Socialization Gender Stratification
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Gender Socialization Are we masculine or feminine because of our biology, or because of social learning and culture? Sociologists: Biology influences masculine and feminine behaviors, but social learning and culture are more important
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How do we learn to be masculine or feminine? Adults and infants Toys Peers/playground game
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Gender is socially created and constructed Gender is created and constructed by people, groups, organizations, institutions Example: Study of gender in personal ads by Davis (MR Ch 4). His prediction The findings
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Gender Inequality? Bathroom space? Bathrooms (See MR Ch. 19 by Molotch) Fact: Most public restrooms (e.g. stadiums) devote the same amount of space to women’s and men’s restrooms. Fact: Women often have to wait in very long lines, men don’t. Solutions? Molotch offers two. Which is the
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Unformatted text preview: best solution? Gender inequality at work ✔ The wage gap: Definition, how it’s measured The Wage Gap (2006) From U.S. Dept. of Labor (www.bls.gov) Overall (all men and women): .77 Median weekly earnings White men: $761 White women: $609 .80 Black men: $591 Black women: $519 .87 Hispanic/Latino men: $505 Hispanic/Latino women: $440 .87 Sociological Explanations for the Wage Gap ✔ (1) Human Capital Theory Wages: Gender and Education Level, 2007 (avg, yearly salary for full-time workers) Source: Statistical Abstracts) Men Women High school drop out $29,100 $21,426 High school graduate $38,331 $27,956 Some college, no degree $46,332 $31,655 Associate degree $48,683 $36,538 College graduates $81,007 $53,215 *BA/BS & higher (2) Explanations for Wage Gap ✔ (2) Dual Labor Market – Occupational Segregation – Internal job segregation...
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introppt12+3-3-08 - best solution Gender inequality at work...

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