Odysseus' Challenges

Odysseus' Challenges - Odysseus' Challenges January 23,...

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Odysseus’ Challenges January 23, 2008 Keyterms: o Odysseus o Calypso o Demodocus o Polyphemos o Circe   Exam I: 2/4 --> approximately 60 minutes needed o Key term identification: short answers o Passage analysis o Essay on the Odyssey and assigned readings   Cover of the Odyssey: earth as seen from Apollo 13 o Earth rising: journey to a different land THESIS: Myths describe places beyond our experience- across the sea- and let us  safely glimpse other worlds. Odyssey: Homeric epics, ca. 800 (Archaic Period) o Oral poetry=shared storytelling o Written form in the 6th century BCE o Homer: worship symbol --> taken in by the gods Odyssey I, lines 1-10 "Speak, Memory- Of the cunning hero, The wanderer, blown off course time and again After he plundered Troy's sacred heights. Speak Of all the cities he saw, the minds he grasped, The suffering deep in his heart at sea As he struggled to survive and bring his men home But could not save them, hard as he tried- The fools-destroyed by their own recklessness When they ate the oxen of Hyperion the Sun, And that god snuffed out their day of return."   o Distinguishes Odysseus from his men: clever, cunning Odyssey I, lines 11-17
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"Of these things, Speak, Immortal One, And tell the tale once more in our time. By now, all the others who had fought at Troy- At least those who had survived the war and the sea- Were safely home. Only Odysseus Still longed to return to his home and wife, The nymph Calypso, a powerful goddess-"   o On the island of Calypso, missing from Ithaca o Direct divine intervention 3 brothers (Zeus, Poseidon, Hades) divided up the world o Earth and high Olympus are common grounds o Poseidon feels equal in power to Zeus Ogygia: Calypso and Odysseus o Ithaca: Penelope, Telemachus, the suitors Odyssey V, lines 15-22 Athena to Zeus: "No, he's still languishing on that island, detained Against his will by that nymph Calypso, No way in the world for him to get back to his land. His ships are lost, he has no crew left
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2008 for the course CLAS 280g taught by Professor Richter during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Odysseus' Challenges - Odysseus' Challenges January 23,...

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