Final Review Guide

Final Review Guide - Test 2 Review Jazz 1. Cool Jazz...

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Test 2 Review Jazz 1. Cool Jazz “Cool Jazz” refers to modern jazz that tends to be softer and easier than the bebop of Charlie Parkers and Dizzy Gillespie. It avoids roughness and brassiness. - Lennie Tristano – was a pianist, composer, and band leader. He created a modern alternative bebop during the 1940’s in Chicago. Just as complex as bebop but no pet phrases, he liked long phrases and smoother and less jumpy lines. No swing like bebop. They had a “Singable” quality to them. - His influences were Art Tatum and Lester Young and The eighteenth-century composer Johann Sebastian Back. - Lee Konitz – He was Tristano’s most talented student during the 40’s on alto saxophone. He developed a new jazz saxophone style. He was compared to Parker for his speed and agility. Konitz’s style was inspired by Tristano, while most other young a lot saxophonist at that time were imitating Charlie Parker. Played with a light, dry, airy tone. Slow vibrato and preferred the alto saxophones upper register – comparable to Lester Young’s on the tenor. He used less offbeat rhythm, almost all the notes were slurred together. Overall effect on the Konitz style typified “cool” jazz. Miles Davis In 1949 and 1950, trumpeter Miles Davis organized recording sessions of a 9 piece band in New York. “Miles Davis Nonet” or the “Birth of the Cool” band. Part of the Claude Thornhill big band members joined. Inspired by the arranging style of Gil Evans. The Nonet included Lee Konitz (Alto Sax), Gerry Milligan (Baritone Sax). All had lightweight tone qualities preferred subdued effect. The Nonet also has a standard rhythm section with a piano, bass, and drums. Unusually Davis added a French horn, tuba, and trombone. - Dave Brubeck – Pianist, he led the best known of all cool jazz groups. With Paul Desmund at alto sax, and a bassist and a drummer. -
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Final Review Guide - Test 2 Review Jazz 1. Cool Jazz...

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