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Population Debate - McKrell Patel 1 Abigail McKrell Parth...

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McKrell, Patel 1 Abigail McKrell, Parth Patel Mr. Shuford AP Human Geography 3 October 2015 The World is Overpopulated When we look at the world's major issues we seem to focus on three topics: war, poverty, and the environment. Most of us just believe that these issues just generate spontaneously. However, if we look to the root of these issues there seems to be primarily one problem: overpopulation. Encyclopedia Britannica defines overpopulation as the condition of having a population so dense as to cause environmental deterioration, impaired quality of life, or a population crash (Merriam Webster Medical Dictionary). Another possible way to define overpopulation is when a region becomes populated with humans to the point that it maximises the carrying capacity and is unable to sustain all life for an extended period of time. We are on the verge of a global demographic crisis, and immediate action is required to prevent this. The world is currently overpopulated and will have vast effects on the environment, resources, economy, and quality of life; therefore, in order to slow down population growth and deal with its effects, immediate measures must be taken to eradicate poverty, change social attitudes, and ultimately preserve the earth. Egypt had a population of 78.08 million people in 2010 (Smith). The arithmetic population density of Egypt was 82 people per square mile of land in 2010 (Food and Agriculture Organization). By the looks of these statistics you may be wondering, why would Egypt have any problems with overpopulation? The real problem kicks in when you look at the fact that 98 percent of Egyptians live in only 3 percent of the land in all of Egypt. In fact, about 9000 people
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McKrell, Patel 2 per square mile of arable land live in Egypt (Food and Agriculture Organization); the fact that Egypt is projected to have a 32% population increase by 2040—almost 25 million more people (Smith)—makes it much more drastic. Pakistan had a population of 173.1 million people (Smith) and an arithmetic population density of about 225 people per square mile of land in 2010 (Food and Agriculture Organization). Pakistan lacks the infrastructure for supporting a large population, as only 24% of the land is arable (Food and Agriculture Organization), and it is on the path to being the fourth most populated country with an estimated growth of 38%—about 66 million people—by 2040 (Smith). It's not just Egypt and Pakistan; countries all over the world are currently or are on the way to being overpopulated. Saudi Arabia is predicted to have a 54%
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