DiscussionNotes1 - S Not a form of knowledge which has to...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Authority and Science. .. How has science aquired authority? by accident? H Is there any danger associated with authority? What does Milgram think of Authority. .... Milgram quotes the words of the social philosopher Harold J. Laski: "Our business, if we desire to live a life, not utterly devoid of meaning and significance, is to accept nothing which contradicts our basic experience merely because it comes to us from tradition or convention or authority." What does the rest of the scientific world think? It is generally perceived, the whole of science should rest upon such individual acts of justification Science is then based upon reason and experience alone, and can dispense with authority Science is then a form of knowledge to which people can be enlightened
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Unformatted text preview: S Not a form of knowledge which has to be pressed upon them or which gains acceptance out of credulity N Rationalist Science. .. Each of us has access to knowledge by virtue of our own awareness of nature and our own reasoning powers E Each of us independently can act rationally and responsibly on the basis of what we know E It is an ideal vision of science and scientific knowledge which fits closely with the ideal of a democratic individualistic society. Problems With this? It is very difficult to relate this ideal of science to what actually exists I Why? W We have a very high level of intellectual division of labour within science the way science interacts with the general public...
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