5 - Second Half Question 2 A. Explain why Machiavelli's...

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Second Half Question 2 A. Explain why Machiavelli’s belief that morality must be divorced from politics is a radical break from the political thought that preceded him and what limits does Machiavelli place on the use of evil and cruel means in politics? Background * Before Machiavelli philosophy had a moral component to it. - Plato & Aristotle had a moral component to their philosophy; - Christian morality used by Augustine and other Christian philosophers; - Martin Luther’s “mirror of princes” theory – follow the teachings of Jesus. * Before Machiavelli political philosophy was idealistic. It was based on normative principles, how things should be. * To be successful in politics must act contrary to Christian morality. * Doesn’t agree with the Athenians that the Gods favor unscrupulous acts and that Gods themselves act unscrupulously, or that the conventional idea of morality needs to be changed. * For M. conventional morality is for private life only. * Politics is an impossible profession – because at the time predestination was not big
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSCI 495 taught by Professor Lester during the Fall '08 term at Mary Washington.

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5 - Second Half Question 2 A. Explain why Machiavelli's...

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