6 - (A) What is Aristotle's doctrine of the mean and how is...

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(A) What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean and how is the doctrine intended to help us lead a vitruous life? Doctrine of the Mean There is no mathematics or precise answers for to determine moral virtue. For Aristotle, then, virtue is a mean that lies between two extremes/vices. -Lester says this doesn’t work in some cases, for example drugs, because it is not virtuous to be in the middle of using none and being an addict -Lester also says that virtue is usually closer to one vice than the other (for example, courage is closer to rashness than it is to cowardice) D. of M. applied: Aristotle’s general ethical and political philosophy is one of balance, moderation and harmony. Specifically, his political philosophy is that the best state is a balance between a democracy and oligarchy. Virtuous life? I don’t have anything in my notes about this so I am not sure if Aristotle talks explicitly about it, but I think it is pretty straight forward. Essentially we can use the doctrine of the mean to figure out what virtues are, balance between vices, etc. (B) How is Aristotle’s belief in moderation reflected in his views about (i) the
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6 - (A) What is Aristotle's doctrine of the mean and how is...

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