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Unformatted text preview: Presocratics Thales-1 of seven sages of Greece, Material Monist- story w/ falling into well and being mocked by servant girl- universe is made of only water, explains one many problem b/c its diff. physical states and sustains life- everything is or comes from WATER- all things are full of gods- soul produces motion, ex . Magnet has a soul b/c it moves iron- identity through change Anaximander- student of Thales, Material Monist- 1 st to construct a map of the world- Believes universe is composed of one material stuff in which everything else in the cosmos comes--is indefinite and boundless (apeiron in Greek)- Opposites of hot and cold, hot fire(origin is sun), cold dark mist (transformed to air and earth), Change through opposites- There are law-like forces that give orderly processes of change between opposites Anaximenes-student of Anaximander, Material Monist- Everything is AIR , introduced condensation and rarefaction- Air is boundless and definite Pythagoras-started philosophical community in southern Italy (Croton)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PHIL 201 taught by Professor Ambuel during the Fall '08 term at Mary Washington.
- Fall '08