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Presocratics - Presocratics Thales-1 of seven sages of...

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Presocratics Thales -1 of seven sages of Greece, Material Monist - story w/ falling into well and being mocked by servant girl - universe is made of only water, explains one many problem b/c its diff. physical states and sustains life - everything is or comes from WATER - all things are full of gods - soul produces motion, ex . Magnet has a soul b/c it moves iron - identity through change Anaximander - student of Thales, Material Monist - 1 st to construct a map of the world - Believes universe is composed of one material stuff in which everything else in the cosmos comes--is indefinite and boundless (apeiron in Greek) - Opposites of hot and cold, hot fire(origin is sun), cold dark mist (transformed to air and earth), Change through opposites - There are law-like forces that give orderly processes of change between opposites Anaximenes -student of Anaximander, Material Monist - Everything is AIR , introduced condensation and rarefaction - Air is boundless and definite Pythagoras
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