POL202(9) Handout

POL202(9 Handout - POL 202(9 The Asia-Pacific Security Order During and After the Cold War The U.S-Japan Security Treaty signed between Japan and

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POL 202 (9): The Asia-Pacific Security Order During and After the Cold War The U.S.-Japan Security Treaty, signed between Japan and the U.S. in 1951, has been bedrock of military security in the Asia-Pacific region. This treaty allowed the U.S. to station troops on Japanese soil Japan’s post-war diplomacy rested on the so-called Yoshida Doctrine, named after Prime Minister Yoshida Shigeru (1946-47 and 1948-54). The main aims of the doctrine were: 1) all available resources and energy should be devoted to economic recovery and development, and 2) Japan should rely entirely on the U.S. in defense and foreign policy The major implication of the Yoshida Doctrine was the economics should be separated from politics. Japan’s economy, with U.S. advice, capital and technology in the early post-war years, was to develop as quickly as possible without Japan having to worry about its security. However, as Japan approaches the status of an economic superpower, and with the disappearance of the Soviet threat, the U.S. is requesting that Japan gets involved in more “burden sharing” The Sino-Soviet alliance in 1950s turned into the Sino-Soviet split in 1960s. The Chinese leadership had opposed “peaceful coexistence” between the Soviet Union and the U.S. since 1956, and resented the failure of Soviet leadership to support China in its bid to attack Taiwan in 1958 After border clashes between China and USSR in 1969, U.S.-China relations improved, with U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger visiting Beijing in 1971, the year the People’s Republic of China (PRC) entered the United Nations, and U.S. President Richard Nixon coming in 1972. The U.S. switched diplomatic recognition from the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan to the PRC in 1979 After Vietnam invaded Cambodia in late 1978, both China and the U.S., together with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), supported the Cambodian resistance, which ultimately forced the Vietnamese to withdraw in 1989 Potential hot-spots and troublesome issues in post - Cold War regional security : The end of the Cold War and the break up of the Soviet Union has removed the threat of a nuclear war between the U.S. and the USSR. This has made limited conflicts between states in the East Asian region seem more possible because regional conflicts will not result in superpower confrontation 1
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Three areas of potential instability in the East Asian–Western Pacific region are i) the De- Militarized Zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea; ii) the Taiwan Strait; and iii) the dispute over the Spratly (Nansha) and other islands in the South China Sea between the PRC, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan Because of differences over Taiwan and over political ideology and security outlook between the U.S. and China, China fears U.S. dominance of the region, and its tendency to impose its democratic values and economic agenda on East Asian countries, while the U.S. fears that a rising China would in future challenge its dominance in the region. A U.S.-China confrontation would
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSCI 000 taught by Professor Hongkong during the Fall '07 term at Mary Washington.

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POL202(9 Handout - POL 202(9 The Asia-Pacific Security Order During and After the Cold War The U.S-Japan Security Treaty signed between Japan and

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