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Outline for Presentation - Sino-Japanese Relations and...

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Sino-Japanese Relations and International Influences During and After the Cold War History of Imperialist Japan I. Colonies i. Meiji Restoration 1867/68 Western style Industrialization 1. Economically 2. Militarily 3. Politically ii. 1884/85 First Sino-Japanese war about Korea; Japan victorious occupies Taiwan iii. 1904/05 Russo-Japanese War about Manchuria; Japan first Nation to beat a European Power Manchuria became Japanese’ “puppet-state” II. World War Two and War Crimes i. 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War Japan gained control over huge parts of China; Military acted more or less independently from the more moderate government; war atrocities on Chinese population; “Comfort Women” ii. 1941 Pearl Harbor iii. August 6 th and 9 th Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki “Superpowers’” Impact I. China and the USSR i. 1949 People Republic of China established 1. Main concern: ensuring national security, consolidating power and developing the economy ii. 1950 Sino-Soviet Alliance 1. Against US and Japan 2. military support, weapons, economic and technological assistance (from the USSR) iii. 1960 Sino-Soviet split 1. during the 50s, gradually emerging strains 2. over questions of ideology, security, and economic development 3. Nikita Khrushchev’s steps towards coexisting with west 4. lack of Soviet support for China in Taiwan question 5. in sum: “the strong desire to achieve self-reliance and independence of action outweighed the benefits Beijing received as Moscow's junior partner” iv. 1964 Chinese Nuclear Bomb v. 1969 Sino-Soviet border war
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II. Japan and the United States i. 1945-52 Japanese occupation by Allies ( US) ii. 1947 new constitution (enforced by the US) 1. Emperor only figurehead 2. Universal suffrage and human rights guaranteed 3. forbidden to have an army police guards iii. 1951 US-Japan Security Treaty US troops on Japanese’ soil iv. Yoshida Doctrine 1. economy primarily on focus 2. rely on US in defense and foreign policy v. Cold (and hot) War realities and US pressure 1. 1954 Self-Defense Forces 2. suppression of communism, discouragement of organized labor vi. 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security 1. revision of the Japan-United States Mutual Security Assistance Pact 2. biggest political postwar crisis in Japan: massive street protests and
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Outline for Presentation - Sino-Japanese Relations and...

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