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Unformatted text preview: British Political History: Moderation and Consensus? Chapter: 6 1. England, Britain, UK- difference and history. Why problematical to start with Britain?- Britain : group of islands England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland- Great Britain : England, Scotland, Wales- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland= Britain- 1707: Act of Union we use the term Great Britain (Wales joined earlier)- Key: not many revolts over union because happened a long time ago: still nationalism but not as strong- Problem with Britain beginning: Britain does not see themselves as party of Europe, but more similar to American system and most straightforward 2. Britains Glorious Revolution- not glorious, not revolution, not British? What impact does the Glorious Revolution appear to have had on British political system? Did it make Britain different from the rest of Europe?- 1688, confirmed power of parliament over monarchy (make them meet with parliament), Resolved religious conflict: Church of England i. Bill of Rights 1689: rights and power of parliament, must vote to increase taxes and primary legislative body- Revolution was bloodless, James II abdicated because of intense struggle of monarch and parliament and religious struggle because he gave many rights to Catholics and protestants were worried (William and Mary took over throne), - Unique?- bloodless and earlier than most other revolutionary processes in Europe (compare to violence in France), very slow formation (France= quick), this goes along with Britains tendency towards moderation and consensus i. Religious: resolved a long standing conflict, other countries didnt do this. Now they have few religious conflicts (excluding N. Ire) 3. Industrial revolution and Empire and empire distinctively British? What impact did IR have on British politics? How did revolution impact British people? Connection between industrial revolution and empire? Impact on People: changed peasant/craftsman to wage laborer, cash replaced bartering, standard of living improved, agriculture commercialized (hurt small scale farmers because they were squeezed off their land and some craftsmen were marginalized because of machines) o Economic power: landowners to men of commerce and industry o Striving for democratization o Voting rights beyond landowners- franchise to male middle class: 1832 reform act Political Impact: the strongest and most important political impact of the Industrialization is linked to the economic and social transformations among the population which prompted them to provide pressure for democratization and the right to vote....
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- Spring '07