Chapter 8 Comparative Politics

Chapter 8 Comparative Politics - -freedom from taxation by...

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Chapter 8: Governance and Policymaking Britain lacks a formal written constitution. No single unified or authoritative text that has special status above ordinary law and can be amended only by special procedures. British constitution is a combination of: - statutory law (mainly acts of parliament) - common law - convention - authoritative interpretations Authoritative legal treatise are written, as are the much more significant acts of Parliament that define crucial elements of British political system. These define institutional relationships, civil rights, relationships with foreign powers and institutions (EU), and other rights/legal arrangements. “What distinguishes the British constitution from others is not that it is unwritten, but rather that it is part written and uncodified.” Absolute principles of government are few. Bill of Rights (1689) - freedom from royal interference with the law (the Sovereign was forbidden to establish his own courts or to act as a judge himself)
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Unformatted text preview: -freedom from taxation by royal prerogative, without agreement by Parliament-freedom to petition the Monarch-freedom from peace-time standing army , without agreement by Parliament-freedom (for Protestants) to have arms for defense, allowed by law-freedom to elect members of Parliament without interference from the Sovereign-the freedom of speech in Parliament, in that proceedings in Parliament were not to be questioned in the courts or in any body outside Parliament itself (the basis of modern parliamentary privilege )-freedom from cruel and unusual punishments, and excessive bail-freedom from fines and forfeitures without trial 1. Organization of the State A. parliamentary sovereignty 1. parliament—and only parliament—can make or overturn any law; the executive, judiciary, and the throne do not have any authority to restrict or rescind parliamentary actions.--Prime minister is accountable to the House of Commons and may be dismissed by it....
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