Chapter 22 - Chapter 22 The Early Industrial Revolution 1 Agricultural revolution The transformation of farming in the eighteenth century that resulted

Chapter 22 - Chapter 22 The Early Industrial Revolution 1...

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Chapter 22: The Early Industrial Revolution 1. Agricultural revolution- The transformation of farming in the eighteenth century that resulted from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and the consolidation of small holding into large farms from which tenants and sharecroppers were forcibly expelled. 2. Mass production- The manufacture for many identical products by the division of labor into many small repetitive tasks. This method was introduced into the manufacture of pottery by Josiah Wedgwood and into the spinning of cotton thread by Richard Arkwright. 3. Josiah Wedgwood- English industrialist whose pottery works first produced fine quality pottery by industrial methods. 4. Division of labor- A manufacturing technique that breaks down a craft into many simple and repetitive tasks that can be performed by unskilled workers. Pioneered in the pottery works of Josiah Wedgwood and in other eighteenth century factories, it greatly increased the productivity of labor and lowered the cost of manufactured goods.

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