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Critical appraisal of the case control study1Critical appraisal of the case-control studyNameInstitution affiliationDate
Critical appraisal of the case control study2The study aimed to identify the relationship between the use of multivitamins containingfolic acid by mothers and the development of orofacial cleft, a neural tube defect in infants andbabies born of the same mothers [1]. The study reviewed records from private and publichospitals and came up with cases and controls. The cases were infants and children with anorofacial cleft that developed within one year after birth. The same period applied to the controlsonly that they had not developed orofacial cleft within one year after birth.The results showed that using multivitamins with folic acid periconceptionally wasassociated with a reduction in orofacial cleft cases in babies and infants. Among all types oforofacial cleft, the odds ratio was less than one in mothers reporting to use multivitaminpericonceptionally compared to those who did not use multivitamin at any timepericonceptionally [1]. The study also compared the average number of days that mothers used

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Term
Fall
Professor
namsonge
Tags
Epidemiology, Folic acid, Case control study, Cleft lip and palate, OROFACIAL

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