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Chapter 7 notes - Chapter 7 – Notes Caste System(219)–...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7 – Notes Caste System (219)– A system of social inequality in which people’s status is permanently determined at birth based on their parents’ ascribed characteristics. Vestiges of caste systems exist in contemporary India and South Africa. Endogamous - In a caste system marriages are endogamous, meaning that they are only allowed to marry within their own group. In India – caste is based in part on occupation; thus, families typically perform the same type of work from generation to generation. Parents have traditionally selected marriage partners for their children. South Africa – Caste system was based on racial classification and the belief of white South Africans that they were morally superior to the black majority. In Africa international marriage was illegal until 1985. Apartheid – This was instituted in the 1990s; the Afrikaners controlled the government, the police and the military by enforcing apartheid- The separation of the races. Blacks were denied full citizenship and restricted to segregated hospitals, schools, residential neighborhoods, and other facilities. White held almost all of the desirable jobs; blacks worked as manual laborers and servants. Class System (220-221) – A type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work people do. At least theoretically, a class system is more open than a caste system because the boundaries between classes are less distinct that the boundaries...
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