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Cheat Sheet #1 - Sociology 1 Cheat Sheet Key Terms Chapter...

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Sociology 1 - Cheat Sheet Key Terms – Chapter 1 Anomic – Emile Durkheim’s designation for a condition in which social control becomes ineffective as a result of the loss of shared values and of a sense of purpose in society. Conflict Perspectives – the sociological approach that views groups in society as engaged in a continuous power struggle for control of scarce resources. Content Analysis – the systematic examination of cultural artifacts or various forms of communication to extract thematic data and draw conclusions about social life. Correlation – a relationship that exists when two variables are associated more frequently than could be expected by chance. Ethnography – a detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people by researchers who may live with hat group over a period of years. Experiment – a research method involving a carefully designed situation in which the researcher studies the impact of certain variables on subjects’ attitudes or behavior. Functionalist Perspectives – The sociological approach that views society as a stable, orderly system. High-Income Countries – (Industrial Countries) nations with highly industrialized economies, technologically advanced industrial, administrative, and service occupations, and relatively high levels of national and personal income. Industrialization – The process by which societies are transformed from dependence on agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on manufacturing and related industries. Interview – a research method using a data-collection encounter in which an interviewer asks the respondent questions and records the answers. Latent Functions – Unintended functions that are hidden and remain unacknowledged by participants. Low-income Countries – (Underdeveloped countries) nations with little industrialization and low levels of national and personal income. Macrolevel Analysis – an approach that examines whole societies, large-scale social structures, and social systems. Manifest Functions – functions that are intended and/or overtly recognized by the participants in a social unit. Microlevel Analysis – Sociological theory and research that focus on small groups rather than a large=scale social structures. Middle-income Countries – (Developing countries) nations with industrializing economies, particularly in urban areas, and moderate levels of national and personal income. Participant observation – a research method in which researchers collect data while being part of the activities of the group being studied. Positivism – Auguste Comtes belief that the world can best be understood through scientific inquiry. Postmodern Perspectives – The sociological approach that attempts to explain social life in modern societies that are characterized by post industrialization, consumerism, and global communications.
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