Cheat Sheet #2 - Side 2

Cheat Sheet #2 - Side 2 - Terms 5 Aggregate A collection of...

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Terms 5 Aggregate – A collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time but share little else in common. Category – A number of people who may never have met one another but share similar characteristics (education level, age, race, or gender). Primary group – A small, less specialized group in which members engage in face-to-face, emotion-based interactions over an extended period of time. Secondary group – A larger, more specialized group in which the members engage in more impersonal, goal oriented relationships for a limited period of time. In-group – A group in which a person belongs and with which the person feels a sense of identity. Out-group - a group in which a person does not belong and toward which the person may feel a sense of competitiveness or hostility. Reference Group – is a group that strongly influences a person’s behavior and social attitudes, regardless of whether that individual is an actual member. Small Group – A collectivity small enough for all members to be acquainted with one another and to interact simultaneously. Dyad – group of 2 members Triad – group of 3 members Instrumental Leadership – goal or task oriented, this type of leadership is most appropriate when the group’s purpose is to complete a task or reach a particular goal. Expressive leadership – provides emotional support for members, this type of leadership is most appropriate when the group is dealing with emotional issues, and harmony solidarity, and high morale are needed. Authoritarian leaders – make all major group decisions and assign tasks to members. Democratic leaders – encourage group discussion and decision making through consensus building Laissez-fair leaders – are only minimally involved in decision making and who encourage group members to make their own decisions. Conformity – the process of maintaining or changing behavior to comply with the norms established by a society, subculture, or other group. Obedience – a form of compliance in which people follow direct orders from someone tin a position of authority. Groupthink – the process by which members of a cohesive group arrive at a decision that many individual members privately believe is unwise. Normative Organizations – when we want to pursue some common interest or gain personal satisfaction or prestige from being a member. Coercive Organizations – People are forced to join, total institutions, such as boot camps, prisons, and some mental hospitals. Utilitarian Organizations – Voluntarily join, where they can provide us with a material reward that we seek. Bureaucracy – An organization model characterized by a hierarchy of authority, a clear division of labor, explicit rules and procedures, and impersonality in personnel matters.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2008 for the course SOCIO 1 taught by Professor Price during the Spring '05 term at Pasadena City College.

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Cheat Sheet #2 - Side 2 - Terms 5 Aggregate A collection of...

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