chapter11 - CHAPTER 11 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 13e Chapter 11...

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CHAPTER 11: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 13e 267 Chapter 11: Personality Disorders BEFORE YOU READ Personality disorders differ from other mental health diagnoses because they are ingrained “lifestyles” or characteristic patterns that are maladaptive and persist throughout the individual’s lifetime. These Axis-II disorders are grouped into three clusters on the basis of similarities of features among the disorders. Cluster A includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders, which are all characterized by odd or eccentric behavior. Cluster B is made up of disorders which tend to be dramatic and emotional, and includes histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, and borderline personality disorder. Cluster C is made up of disorders which involve anxiety and fearfulness such as avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. Unfortunately, there is still disagreement about how best to define these disorders, and they can co-occur with Axis I disorders as well as with each other, further complicating diagnosis. Nevertheless, new treatment approaches are emerging, and showing some success with specific personality disorders. Antisocial Personality Disorder is given extra attention in the chapter, since it is perhaps the best understood, and most socially disruptive of the disorders. • CLINICAL FEATURES OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS DSM-IV-TR’s Five Criteria • DIFFICULTIES DOING RESEARCH ON PERSONALITY DISORDERS Difficulties in Diagnosing Personality Disorders Difficulties in Studying the Causes of Personality Disorders • CATEGORIES OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS Paranoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizotypal Personality Disorder Histrionic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder
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CHAPTER 11: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 13e 268 Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Dependent Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Provisional Categories of Personality Disorder in DSM-IV-TR General Sociocultural Causal Factors for Personality Disorders • TREATMENTS AND OUTCOMES Adapting Therapeutic Techniques to Specific Personality Disorders Treating Borderline Personality Disorder Treating Other Personality Disorders • ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY AND PSYCHOPATHY Psychopathy and ASPD The Clinical Picture in Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality A Developmental Perspective on Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Treatments and Outcomes in Psychopathic and Antisocial Personality • UNRESOLVED ISSUES: Axis II of DSM-IV OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1. List the clinical features of the personality disorders and the problems associated with diagnosis. 2. Compare and contrast the different types of personality disorders and identify
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chapter11 - CHAPTER 11 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 13e Chapter 11...

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