Running Head: THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY1The Cold War and U.S. DiplomacyAssignment 2 Vincent WenbanPOL 300 – International Problems Professor Okafor February 09, 2015
THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY2THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACYThe Reagan Doctrine is the beginning of the end of the Cold War. From ElSalvador to Guatemala anticommunist movements to anticommunist insurgencies in Afghanistanto Nicaragua. The doctrine was to be a continuation of the past principles of “containment”, butnot during this administration. Carter’s doctrine of protecting the Persian Gulf was on Reagan’sdoctrine, but indirect involvement was to expelling communist forces and the arms race. TheReagan Doctrine was important in defining American interests around the globe and itsdetermination of preventing Communism from expanding.Rapid overexpansion of the communist movements in East Asia, West Indies, and MiddleEast was a concern to all U.S. presidents during the cold war. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistanbegan on the eve of 1979 Christmas. As stated by John Patrick Diggins “The Carteradministration had little hesitation in coming to the aid of Afghanistan after the invasion”(Diggins, 2007). The U.S. was first impression that the initial interest of the Soviet Union wouldeventually take the Middle East and its valuable oil fields. After Vietnam direct involvementwould have been a lethal mistake, in particular against a super power like the Soviet Union.Although, once the Soviet’s collapsed the Americans realized how over exaggerated their powerwas, the Americans chose involvement through newly established Afghan insurgents. Accordingto Paul Lagon, “the Reagan Doctrine, as a specific case, pledged aid to insurgents battlingagainst the pro-Soviets” (Lagon, 1994). Reagan administration believed that the resistance mightdrive the Soviets out of Afghanistan, but the insurgents defeating the Soviets were never anoption. The Mujahedeen we’re motivated by putting a bounty on the head of every Soviet soldierkilled. As stated by Diggins “Administration told Henry Hart, the CIA officer in Islamabad, hereis a bag of money, go raise hell. Kill Soviets and get the insurgents to do whatever you needthem to do” (Diggins, 2007).
THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY3The CIA offered grounds for training the insurgents in Pakistan. Weaponry supplied tothe insurgents were Chinese knock offs. The U.S. did not want fingers pointed at if U.S. madeweapons were captured by the Soviets. The qualities of the weapons were questioned, but theReagan administration assured the insurgents that enough weapons were delivered to fight thecommunist. All the U.S. had to do was give the insurgents help, only more if it and they would