POL300Assignment1 - Running Head THE COLD WAR AND U.S...

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Running Head : THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY 1 The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy Assignment 2 Vincent Wenban POL 300 – International Problems Professor Okafor February 09, 2015
THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY 2 THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY The Reagan Doctrine is the beginning of the end of the Cold War. From El Salvador to Guatemala anticommunist movements to anticommunist insurgencies in Afghanistan to Nicaragua. The doctrine was to be a continuation of the past principles of “containment”, but not during this administration. Carter’s doctrine of protecting the Persian Gulf was on Reagan’s doctrine, but indirect involvement was to expelling communist forces and the arms race. The Reagan Doctrine was important in defining American interests around the globe and its determination of preventing Communism from expanding. Rapid overexpansion of the communist movements in East Asia, West Indies, and Middle East was a concern to all U.S. presidents during the cold war. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan began on the eve of 1979 Christmas. As stated by John Patrick Diggins “The Carter administration had little hesitation in coming to the aid of Afghanistan after the invasion” (Diggins, 2007). The U.S. was first impression that the initial interest of the Soviet Union would eventually take the Middle East and its valuable oil fields. After Vietnam direct involvement would have been a lethal mistake, in particular against a super power like the Soviet Union. Although, once the Soviet’s collapsed the Americans realized how over exaggerated their power was, the Americans chose involvement through newly established Afghan insurgents. According to Paul Lagon, “the Reagan Doctrine, as a specific case, pledged aid to insurgents battling against the pro-Soviets” (Lagon, 1994). Reagan administration believed that the resistance might drive the Soviets out of Afghanistan, but the insurgents defeating the Soviets were never an option. The Mujahedeen we’re motivated by putting a bounty on the head of every Soviet soldier killed. As stated by Diggins “Administration told Henry Hart, the CIA officer in Islamabad, here is a bag of money, go raise hell. Kill Soviets and get the insurgents to do whatever you need them to do” (Diggins, 2007).
THE COLD WAR AND U.S. DIPLOMACY 3 The CIA offered grounds for training the insurgents in Pakistan. Weaponry supplied to the insurgents were Chinese knock offs. The U.S. did not want fingers pointed at if U.S. made weapons were captured by the Soviets. The qualities of the weapons were questioned, but the Reagan administration assured the insurgents that enough weapons were delivered to fight the communist. All the U.S. had to do was give the insurgents help, only more if it and they would

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