Review_Guide_-_FINAL - Review Guide Chapters 14-19 Chapter...

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Review Guide Chapters 14-19 Chapter 14: Nutrition and Fitness 1. List the benefits of exercise. 2. What are the Healthy People 2010 objectives in relation to nutrition and exercise? 3. What are the exercise goals for the prevention of chronic disease? What are the exercise goals for weight management? What are the exercise goals to sustain weight loss? 4. How do you calculate age-predicted maximum heart rate? How do you use this information to determine your “target heart rate zone?” 5. What are the components of an exercise plan? 6. Explain how the body obtains energy during the first 60 seconds of activity. What type of activity uses this process of obtaining energy? 7. In the absence of oxygen, how do your muscles obtain energy? How long can this process occur? What is the byproduct of this process? 8. What are 3 disadvantages of anaerobic glycolysis? 9. In the presence of oxygen, how do muscles obtain energy? Name a few activities where this process occurs? 10. What does it mean to “hit the wall?” 11. If exercise is prolonged, i.e. a marathon runner, what becomes the main source of fuel? 12. What is the main source of fuel for short duration, high intensity activities, i.e. sprinting? 13. Does protein provide a major source of energy? What type of athletes use protein as a source of 10-15% of their energy? 14. What fuel source(s) is(are) used under aerobic conditions? What about anaerobic conditions? 15. Name 3 types of muscle fibers and explain where they are found in the body. 16. Describe the different types of skeletal muscle. In particular, explain which type of activities that each muscle type is used. 17. Describe changes that occur to the muscles and circulatory system as a result of exercising? 18. What is VO2 max? How can this data be used for sports performance? 19. Describe appropriate ways that wrestlers and dancers can lose weight for performance improvement. 20. What is carbohydrate loading and who benefits from this? 21. Describe the components of an athletes’ diet (i.e. carbohydrate, protein, fat, and vitamin/ mineral needs). 22. Why is adequate hydration important for athletes? What are some complications that can
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOC 110 taught by Professor Na during the Fall '07 term at Carroll WI.

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Review_Guide_-_FINAL - Review Guide Chapters 14-19 Chapter...

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