week 1 - SOCI 1002 Lecture Notes: Week One -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Week One - Microsociologists (interpretative sociologists): study society at the level of individual social interaction and interpretation of the social world as it is encountered through social processes. They also focus more on agency , that is, the human capacity to act in accordance with their own understanding and definition of any given situation. - A Microsociologist studying unemployment would be interested in the experience of unemployment. Microsociologists will tend to use qualitative methods , such as unstructured interviews, participant observation, ethnographic fieldwork or life history. - Macrosociological approaches are ones that examine a phenomenon from the level of the whole society, and frame their explanations and theories at that level. Macrosociologists focus on social structures and their relationships to one another in society. - A macrosociologist studying unemployment might look at the national and regional unemployment rates , the rates of job loss and job gain in different economic sectors. They might analyze the effects of a rising unemployment rate on the gross national product. Macrosociologists will tend to use quantitative methods , that is, methods that express phenomena in a way that can be measured and counted, such as reported rates, structured, fixed choice surveys and interviews…etc. Four established streams of sociological theorizing: Order (Functionalist) Theories: Structural functionalism: it was the dominant explanatory paradigm in North America until the mid-1950s. Functionalism looks at society as an integrated whole, and the questions it asks are concerned with how each part of society contributes to the continuance of that whole. Structural functionalism makes certain assumptions about society and about the individuals that make it up. Chief among these are: 1) Society exists both before and beyond the individuals who live within it. It is experienced as sui generis by its participants. 2) Every social system has certain basic needs, or ‘functions’ (hence the name), that must be fulfilled or met if the society is to be viable and to survive. 3) The interdependent structures in a social system (military, government, economy, family, religion, etc) exist to fulfill one or more of these needs. They have ‘functions’. An institution that ceases to be ‘functional’, that is, to contribute to the maintenance of social order, will eventually cease to exist, and will experience diminished importance in the meanwhile. 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOCI 1002 taught by Professor Reid during the Winter '08 term at Carleton CA.

Page1 / 5

week 1 - SOCI 1002 Lecture Notes: Week One -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online