Chapter 1: Essentials of Geography
science that studies the relationships among natural systems, geographic
areas, society, cultural activities and the interdependence of all these over space.
nature and character of physical space, its measurement, and the distribution of
things within it.
Five Spatial Themes of Geography:
Location – absolute/relative, answers question “where?”
the specific planetary
address of a location.
Region – areas with uniform characteristics and how they form/change
Human Earth Relationships – humans and environment, resource exploitation,
hazard perception and environmental pollution/modification
Movement – communication, movement, circulation, migration, and diffusion
across earths surface
Place – tangible and intangible living and nonliving characteristics that make each
Spatial Analysis -
method that governs geography
analyze differences and similarities among places and locations
set of actions or mechanisms that operate in some special order central to
Physical Geography –
special analysis of all the physical elements and processes that
make up the environment: energy, air, water, weather, climate, landforms, soils, animals,
any ordered, interrelated set of things and their attributes, linked by flows of
energy and matter, as distinct from the surrounding environment outside the system.
Open System –
inputs of energy and matter flow into the system, and outputs of energy
and matter flow from the system
Like most natural systems, earth is an open system in terms of energy.