week 3 Lecture Notes

week 3 Lecture Notes - SOCI 1002: Week 3 Lecture Notes...

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Week 3 Lecture Notes Discussions on Global Poverty The world’s countries can be divided into three groups: 1. High-income countries: those are the countries with the highest levels of economic development. Countries are defined as high income if their per capita income is $10,000 USD per year or higher. 2. Middle-income countries: those are with per capita incomes between $2500 and 10,000 USD/yr. 3. Low-income countries: Low income countries are still largely agrarian, and have per capita incomes of less than $2500 USD/yr. In addressing global inequality, there are two main approaches: Modernization Theory Walt Rostow’s four stages (Modernization Theory): 1. Stage one, The Traditional Stage: is the one from which pre-industrial societies proceed. Cultural traditions are strong and govern almost every aspect of day-to-day life. Because people rely on these traditions to organize and structure their worldview and their experience of life, they resist change. Life is centered on kin and community. 2. Stage Two, The Take-off Stage: As the power and structuring function of tradition begins to be rejected by the population, more people are able to utilize their talents and imaginations in order to stimulate economic growth. 3. Stage three, the drive to technological maturity: This occurs at the point when ‘economic growth’ has become a widespread cultural value, along with its correlate, a desire for a better standard of living. 4. Stage four, high mass consumption: people begin to be socialized into ‘needing’ the mass produced goods that are now available in their society. There are four avenues of intervention that are often suggested by modernization theorists: 1. Assisting in population control : While traditional agrarian production is very labour- intensive and therefore required a very high birthrate in order to be successful, industrial production does not require people in the same numbers. 2. Rich countries should assist poor countries with increasing their food production. 1
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOCI 1002 taught by Professor Reid during the Winter '08 term at Carleton CA.

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week 3 Lecture Notes - SOCI 1002: Week 3 Lecture Notes...

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