english term paper

english term paper - As defined by the American Heritage...

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As defined by the American Heritage dictionary, genocide is the systematic killing of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group. In April of 1994, over a course of about 100 days, Hutu militias killed over 800,000 Tutsis in Rwanda. In a monologue titled Rwandan Eyes, author Tom Flannery begins with an introduction that generates a genuine concern for the people of Rwanda. He expresses that the inspiration for his play came from a book about Rwanda that his friend forced him to read. This single novel sparked him to educate himself about the history and events in Rwanda during the 20 th century. (Flannery,3) With this, he created a work that represented the voices of the people who were caught in such horrendous conditions. The Hutu-Tutsi conflict has many perspectives about how it originated and whom the genocide involved the most. Depending on how they were affected, the killers, the victims and witnesses, each held a different viewpoint and experience during the ongoing struggle between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes of Rwanda. The country of Rwanda is situated in central Africa, bordered by Uganda and Burundi. For hundreds of years, the three groups that have inhabited Rwanda are the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa tribes. The Twa tribe, also known as the pygmies, was the earliest residents but currently account for about one percent of the nation’s population. The Hutus are the majority in Rwanda, with about 85% of the population, while the Tutsi make up 14% of the nation’s population. About 95% of Rwandans are Christian (more than half are Roman Catholic), 4.6% are Muslim and a small percentage practice indigenous beliefs (Chege,570). While there is a freedom in religious practice in Rwanda, ethnic origin is the cause of warfare and chaos caused families to lose their homes, possessions and most of all, many relatives.
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The Hutu and Tutsi tribe are similar in many ways because they speak the same language, live in the same areas, intermingle and follow the same cultural traditions. In addition, many researchers argue that the differences between the Hutus and Tutsis are more exaggerated than people sought. However, when the Belgian colonists arrived in 1916, they perceived the Rwandans to be two distinct ethnic groups. They categorized the Hutu appearance as stocky and round-faced, dark-skinned, flat-nosed, thick-lipped and squared jawed and Tutsis as lanky, long-faced, not so dark-skinned, narrow-nosed, thin-lipped and narrow-chinned (Gourevitch,50). Laurent Nkongoli, vice president of National Assembly was interviewed by journalist Philip Gourevitch and spoke about the credibility of the ethnic classification. “You can’t tell us apart’, he states, “… We can’t tell us apart. I was on a bus in the north once and because I ate corn, which they ate, they said, ‘He’s one of us (Hutu).’ But I’m a Tutsi from Butare in the south” (Gourevitch,50). The Rwandans were affected by the western influence that implanted racial and ethnic
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CHEM 1034 taught by Professor Devicaris during the Spring '08 term at Temple.

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english term paper - As defined by the American Heritage...

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