Beef Industry - I. Beef Industry a. Breeds i. Angus black...

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I. Beef Industry     a. Breeds i. Angus – black or red ii. Charolais – Southern states iii. Hereford – horned or polled iv. Scotch Highland – wooly and horned v. Shorthorn – can be polled; dual purpose vi. Texas Longhorn vii. Simmental – great carcass characteristics viii. Brahman – Bos indicus – humped, large dewlap and ears b. Advantages i. Beef use roughages that otherwise would be wasted for feed ii. Labor requirements can be low iii. Capital investment can be small iv. Death losses are relatively low v. Well adapted for use in small operations as well as large  ones vi. High demand for meat c. Disadvantages i. Cattle feeding is a high-risk business ii. Not efficient converters or concentrated feeds into meat iii. Take longer to develop cattle numbers and a herd iv. Capital investment in modern, efficient feeding programs can  be high d. Leading States i. Texas ii. Missouri iii. Oklahoma iv. Nebraska v. South Dakota vi. Montana vii. Kansas viii. Kentucky ix. Tennessee e. Judging Beef Cattle i. Breeding Stock
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1. Condition 2. Size 3. 4. Breed Character 5. Sex Character ii. Market Class 1. Type 2. Muscling 3. Finish 4. Carcass Merit 5. Yield 6. Quality 7. Balance 8. Style 9. Smoothness f. Types of Operations i. Cow-calf ii. Stocker-yearling iii. Seedstock producer (purebred) iv. Feedlot g. Generals About Beef i. Calf suckles mother ii. Weaned at day 205 iii. Weaning weight is 500-600 pounds iv. 60-80 day breeding period h. Feedlots i. Feed at 700-900+ pounds ii. Get heifers and steers iii. Separate by sex iv. Market weight is 1100-1300 pounds i. Typical Management i. Breeding*** ii. Vaccinations iii. Weaning iv. Branding v. Dehorning
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vi. Castration vii. Identification 1. Ear tagging, tattooing, or both II. Cow-Calf Operations     a. Types of Cow-Calf Operations i. Primary income – 14% of producers ii. Supplemental income – 69% of producers iii. Non-economic – 17% of producers iv. Goal 1. To obtain a strong healthy calf from each cow per  year v. Options 1. Calves fed to market weight 2. Calves sold at weaning to feedlot/grower b. Feeds for Beef Cattle i. Pasture*** ii. Hay iii. Haylage iv. Silage v. Grain 1. Calves 2. Lactating cows 3. Gestating cows c. Calving Period i. Calve on pasture ideally – heifers: 12-18 hours, cows: 6-8
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Beef Industry - I. Beef Industry a. Breeds i. Angus black...

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