Ch 14 Ancient Mediterranean - Chapter 14 Ancient...

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Chapter 14: Ancient Mediterranean Worlds I. Prehistoric Art 1. Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) 2. Neolithic Period (New Stone Age) II. Civilization refers to cultures which have developed food production and farming, a developed writing system, jobs and metallurgy for the development of tools. 1. Mesopotamia A. Sumer – 1 st Mesopotamian city a. Ziggurat – temple/shrine built on a monumental steeped base b. Cuneiform – writing system developed from wedge-shaped marks pressed in damp clay c. Wheel and plow d. Irrigation e. Metallurgy - f. City-states – cities that ruled over their general areas g. Formal religion B. Akkadians – Northern neighbors of Sumerian city-states that conquered the states in2300 BCE. Established first Empire in region. C. Babylon – capital of Amorite empire of 1830 BCE. Hammurabi Code of law. D. Assyrians – Based in Northern Mesopotamia. Came to power in 1100 BCE E. Neo-Babylonians – Came to power again in 7 th Century BCE under Nebuchadnezzar. Great architects 2. Egypt A. The Great Pyramids – one of the 7
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