chapter10 - readings

chapter10 - readings - FOCPChapter 10: Principles of...

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FOCP- Chapter 10: Principles of categorization, pp. 251 - 268 by Rosch Taxonomy of animal kingdom: it does not really exist. Rosch doesn’t believe that human categorization should be based on random outcome of historical accident but rather on outcome of psychological principles of categorization: 2 main basic principles of categorization: 1-function: to provide maximum info with least cognitive effort 2-structure: the perceived world comes as structured info rather than as random attributes Principles elaborated: 1-cognitive economy: we want to gain the maximum information about the environment from our categories while conserving limited resources as much as possible. Our organisms need to be able to make fine distinctions between categories but on the other hand, it also needs to not make discriminations among stimuli when that difference is irrelevant. 2-percieved-world structure: the objects in the world have a high degree of correlational structure. E.g. we categorize wings with birds; wings are the attributes-our attributes in the
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chapter10 - readings - FOCPChapter 10: Principles of...

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