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Unformatted text preview: Hebrew Bible Study Guide Weekly Readings and Lectures Weeks 7 – 13 Week 7 Lectures and Readings Week 7 Reading Summaries and General Essay B I. Week 7 Reading Summaries and Key IDs Key ID’s Pesah- root meaning “pass over” in English • The JSB says that the most favorable translation is “protect” o Pesah sacrifice is apotropaic in that it was meant to protect flocks, etc • Pesah sacrifice: slaughter and eating of paschal lamb or goat • Pesah sacrifice was home and family based o Deuteronomy moved pesah from home to the central shrine, but pesah never lost its domestic character • In Christianity: Passover becomes “Pasch” which means Easter – Latinized version of Pesah Matzah- 2 definitions: 1) unleavened bread • bread made without being allowed to rise • text says that matzah must be eaten during Passover • Matzah gets historical explanation: During Exodus, Israelites were in a hurry to leave Egypt and could not wait for bread to rise 2) agricultural seven-day festival in the spring • Differences in Bible- show inevitably of exegesis o Exodus 12, Leviticus: 14 th day of first month is pesah festival, 7-day matzah festival follows o Deuteronomy: Matzah and pesah festival are apparently one and the same: pesah is first day followed by six days of eating matzah • Eventually merged with pesah festival to become one festival of Passover Apotropaic- something that gives protection • Lit “turning away”, averting danger or death • Pesah said to be apotropaic in that it protects flocks from danger or death o Idea is that you kill one and save the rest • When historicized: averting death of Israelites themselves by exodus in Egypt Seder- a meal eaten and a ritual performed on the first night of Passover • Consists of symbolic food, real food, ritualized gestures, and ritualized speech • Lit “order” • The Torah makes no mention of a seder , but provides the basis for its later development • Basic outlines of the seder given in Mishnah- Two key ideas: 1) In every generation one should regard himself as if he personally had gone forth from Egypt 2) Redemption from Egypt prefigures our future redemption • Likely that Mishnah seder is rabbinic response to the destruction of the temple; transfer the Passover ritual back to the HOME from the central shrine Haggadah- prescribed text told during the seder • Ritualized telling • Lit “response” or “narrative” Afiqoman- • In the Mishnah: something we do not do at the end of a meal • Traditional explanations are no after dinner treats or entertainment • High Middle Ages: Became piece of matzah that is broken off at the beginning of the seder and eaten at the end of the meal o Represents Paschal lamb o Symbol for the redemption = messiah Maror- the bitter herbs eaten at the Passover Seder o according to the Haggadah, herbs symbolize bitterness of the slavery in Egypt....
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course LIT & ARTS 70 taught by Professor Cohen during the Spring '08 term at Harvard.
- Spring '08
- The Bible