SOC 201 Social Inequality

SOC 201 Social Inequality - SOC 201 Social Inequality...

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SOC 201 Social Inequality Tradition US as defined class statistically – occupational status, education and income Individuals or familys that fall in the same categories in these dimensions are said to be in the same social class. You generally receive a score based on these variables. So the traditional way scores you on the three and you get a total score. Class is a hierarchy of scores on a continuum. Provides a great way of comparing, there lies a problem with the question of boundaries, where do we draw the line. Between a home earning 50,000 or 100,000 or between 50,000 and 60,000. Wheres the cutoff and what does the cutoff mean. The metions used to measure class are not all Do doctors receive a better occupational prestigious then a cop or a lawyer then a teacher. Occupational status is subjective Education is a non economic phenomenon. Does it matter where you got you Diploma Theres a lot of subjective things when deciding class. Does not assume any relationship amoung classes. No assumption that the upper class and working class are in conflict with each other. Class are merely statistical categories or just a score. The traditional more conservative measure of class, 1. there is a contimuum of inequality between classes 2. Class system can be seen a both subjective(education, and occupational) and objective (income) measures 3. its multidimensional (3 tiers) 4. its non-conflictual in nature, doesn’t assume relationships between classes. Marxist Approach Conceptualize class – they take issues when mixing economic and non-economic when discussing class. To merge the two(economic and non-economic) is to dilute what Marx meant by social class
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Defines Class in a purley economic way Ones relationship to the modes of production Class was about control, either control over the physical means of production (property) or the social means of production (labor power) Ones class postion was determined by there control over property or labor Class is not defined by income or occupation, rather by ownership and control. Class in much less of multidimensional things Your either a owner or a laborer (renter) To bring anything else except for ownership and labor into class definition distorts class Income is irrelevant, because so long as you get paid by someone else you are a worker. Unless you sign the check you’re a worker. . Definitions of class are quantitative Classes are exploitative by nature, clear relationships between classes, social class are interconnected, and there a defined relationship that resides between classes and they are often conflicting Relationships between classes are defined by there exploitative relationships If you are an owner you pay them less then there worth and if you are a landlord you are charging more then the property is worth The difference between the true value of your labor and value of the product that you produce and what your actually paid. Were all being exploited, just some of us more then others.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Spiller during the Spring '08 term at University of Maine Orono .

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SOC 201 Social Inequality - SOC 201 Social Inequality...

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