Chapter 14 Study Guide- Child and Adolescent

Chapter 14 Study Guide- Child and Adolescent - the daily...

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Dodd 1 Reece Dodd Dr. Hardy EDFN 2053 Chap 14 Study Guide 1. Most brain changes during adolescence occur in the frontal regions. Neurons continue to become myelinated, and after a period of overabundance of synapses, the number of synapses decline. The prefrontal cortex is more active in adolescence than in other age groups when certain kinds of cognitive tasks are preformed, leading some to conclude that the brain areas that control inhibition and other behaviors are immature. 2. Adolescents tend to need more sleep than younger children and show a shift towards a later sleep-wake cycle. Because these tendencies conflict with many of
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Unformatted text preview: the daily demands placed on them by school, work, and other forces, many adolescents are sleep deprived. 3. By the time children reach the formal operational stage, they can think abstractly and hypothetically, generating multiple solutions to a problem. Thought is also systematic. Adolescents in this stage may display beliefs in the imaginary audience and the personal fable. 4. Information-processing models focus on the mental activities of individuals as they engage in problem solving. Speed of processing and working memory capacity are two information-processing activities though to be involved in intelligence...
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