lecture 4 - 2014/2015 SEMESTER 2 CCHU9011 SOCIAL DIVISIONS...

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2014/2015 SEMESTER 2 CCHU9011 SOCIAL DIVISIONS IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETIES Lecture 5: Education and Social Divisions
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WHAT WE ARE GOING TO DISCUSS TODAY What is education for? What is the influence of social divisions in the domain of education? What role does education play to affect social divisions?
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HOW FAR WILL YOU GO FOR YOUR EDUCATION? The mother spent more than $10 million to move to Kowloon district but still failed to get her son enrolled into La Salle Primary School Cross-boundary students: travel more than 4 hours everyday between home and school K3 「小苦妹」日程 6am Get up 8am-4pm Go to school 4pm-7pm Go to cram school 8pm Have dinner, take shower 9:30pm Go to bed http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/art/2 0111122/15823564
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HOW FAR WILL YOU GO FOR YOUR EDUCATION?
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PURPOSE OF EDUCATION Education: responsible for teaching members of society the knowledge, skills, and values considered most important for the survival of the individual as well as society (Ore, 2003). Socialization: the process of social interaction in which one learns the ways of the society and one’s specific roles– the sets of the rules and expectations attached to a social position (or status) in that society Occupational preparation: transfer knowledge and skills Personal growth and self-development: social mobility
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WHY FIGHT FOR SCHOOLING? A fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights A powerful tool by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty and participate fully as citizens Globally, 1 in 10 primary school-age children and 1 in 5 adolescents is not in school In total, 121 million children and adolescents have either never started school or dropped out despite the international community’s promise to achieve Education for All by 2015. Data show that there has been almost no progress in reducing this number since 2007. Children living in conflict, child labourers and those facing discrimination based on ethnicity, gender and disability are the most affected. (UNESCO, 2015) Source: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/right2education
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WHY FIGHT SO HARD FOR ELITE SCHOOL? Elite school is a stronger guarantee for an elite position in future When competing for places at the most prestigious universities, independent school sector have the most advantage Based on the investigation of the education profile of elites (Judges, MPs, military leaders, ambassadors and senior civil servants etc.), they mostly o Usually attend public/private school education o Affiliated with Oxford and Cambridge universities (Payne, 2006)
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HOW SOCIAL DIVISIONS WORK IN EDUCATION Social Divisions Gender Class Ethnicity Ability Equality in Education Enrollment Outcome/Attainment Schooling process & experience Access to different educational experiences or resources is patterned, with different types of social divisions intersecting.
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SOCIAL DIVISIONS VS. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY In the history of UK In the 19 th
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