KORE1021 final exam 14 short IDs - KORE1021 Final Exam Significance 13 ID(Explanation 1 Yusin Constitution Declared by Park Ching-hee in Oct 1972

KORE1021 final exam 14 short IDs - KORE1021 Final Exam...

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KORE1021 Final Exam 13 ID(Explanation + Significance) 1. Yusin Constitution Declared by Park Ching-hee in Oct 1972 Erosion of Park’s power within the Assembly Growing threat of an opposition victory in future elections came at a time of dramatic power realignment at Asia 1. announced a National Emergency Decree to “counter perceived security threat” 2. resolved to restructure the government to continue his power 3. declared martial law 4. dissolved National Assembly 5. abrogated the Old constitution and had a new constitution 6. legitimated new structure in national referendum in 1972 7. appointed all judges, members of constitutional committee & one- third of National Assembly 8. free to take whatever emergency measures whenever the national security/public safety are threatened Birth of the Fourth Republic of ROK Created a legal dictatorship for Park Park secured control of selection of president & an overwhelming legislative majority that would rubberstamp his initiatives Fourth Republic saw… growing tensions in society labour discontent student activism increased (but Park stopped it through expulsions & arrests) 2. Establishment of ROK & DPRK After the surrender of Japan in August 1945, Americans tried to limit Russian involvement in Korea joint occupation
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KORE1021 Final Exam 13 ID(Explanation + Significance) Americans proposed a North-South division of Korea along the 38 th parallel of latitude Put the Korean capital of Seoul and the bulk of population under US control in South Soviets accepted this arrangement In SK, Rhee became the head of the Representative Democratic Council in 1947 US asked UN to form a commission to supervise general elections that would legitimate an independent Korean government The newly elected National Assembly passed a constitution the Republic of Korea (ROK) was formally inaugurated on August 15, 1948 the Communists in control in North responded by declaring their own formal Korean state, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on September 3, 1948 3. DMZ a Korean demilitarized zone set after the Korean war divided the peninsula into two Heavily fortified
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KORE1021 Final Exam 13 ID(Explanation + Significance) A two-to-three-mile swath 割割 traversing 割割 the peninsula for 120 miles from southwest to northwest A North-South division of Korea along the 38 th parallel of latitude 4. Syngman Rhee Returned from US after a 40-year exile ROK’s first president (First Republic) Strong anti-communist A series of rebellions & guerilla movement during his presidency
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KORE1021 Final Exam 13 ID(Explanation + Significance) Eg. An insurrection 割割 against elections: Cheju Rebellion Relied on landlords & businessmen Supported by US with provision of military training & advice, economic assistance, a legitimating context for his militant anti-Communism Consolidated his control by ruthlessly extending wartime emergency measures into postwar era
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