envs 1 - Jordan Anderson Friday 9 AM Word Count: 2. Near...

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Jordan Anderson Friday 9 AM Word Count: 2. Near the beginning of this passage by Plato, Socrates states, “ So, I want to now prove to you, who will serve as my jury, that the real philosopher has reason to be happy when he is about to die, and that after death he may hope to obtain the greatest good in the other world.” (Plato, 5) Plato sums up his overall message in this statement. In death there is a separation of the soul from the body, which allows the soul to live in a world of perfect realities. All humans know of a perfect reality, yet we are never able to find it as physical beings. We cannot find this perfect reality in our bodies due to the senses which desire pleasure and resist pain, distracting the soul from attaining truth. This is why we should look forward to death with a sense of joy as our soul will finally reach that perfect reality. One objection to this dualistic view of humans is that the soul is not immortal and may die along with the body. Plato refutes this objection with the idea of generation from opposites. He gives many examples of how everything in the cosmos is generated by its opposite such as: good and evil, strong and weak, big and small, hot and cold, awake and asleep. Finally he comes to the opposite’s life and death. Obviously death is generated from life and in return life must be generated from death. Since the body decomposes and disappears in death, the soul must be immortal to be able to provide a source for the generation of life. This is one of his first arguments about the immortality of the soul.
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Another idea to prove that the soul is immortal is the Doctrine of Recollection. The idea is that knowledge is only a recollection of things learned prior to our human
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This essay was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ENVS 203 taught by Professor Toadvine during the Spring '07 term at University of Oregon.

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envs 1 - Jordan Anderson Friday 9 AM Word Count: 2. Near...

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