India - India India is referred as to largest democracy in...

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India India is referred as to largest democracy in the world. India is a country of lots of festivals, languages, arts, temples and thousands of beliefs. It is a birthplace of religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Hinduism is the world’s third largest religion, which has various gods and goddess. Hinduism was founded over 5000yrs ago on the river “Indus,” from which India’s name is derived. Hindu people are into their religion and believe that “God is one but has different “avatars,” and “God lives in each and every one in the form of “atman.” India has rich and unique cultures and traditions, which keep people binding together. Indian art and architecture are well known in the world for their unique styles, such as “Khajurahoo” temples, “Ajanta Elora” caves, and Moghal and Rajput monuments. Indian beliefs are filled with philosophy and spirituality. India’s people lives are filled with their god and goddess, scared places, philosophy of life and has varieties in art. Indian art and architecture played an important role in order to develop Indian culture and history. It expressed philosophical thoughts, religions, broad cultures and imaginations. Each art period is unique, such as; “Harappa”, “Maurya”, “Medieval” and “Ajanta Elora” caves. Indian art and architecture began from the greatest achievement of Indus valley civilization called “Harappa” and “Mohenjo Daro” (2250 B.C.). Harappan culture is fascinating and famous for its architecture in the world. Both cities were built on similar plans such as streets, draining system, public baths, residential areas and variation in brick houses. Besides, public baths showed an advanced standard of hygiene and sanitation planning. “Harappan” and “Mohenjo Daro” art also tells about the social and religious structure of Indian society through seals. The seals are considered as the first art in India. The images and sculptures were made on copper. It remains the “most impressive and enigmatic artifacts from the harapppan civilization” (Indian Art ). It shows the concept of “yoga”, “yogic” position and about Indian God. Also some of the seals “display plain linear symbols, such as circles, crosses, dots, swastikas and the leaves of the sacred pipal tree” (Indian Art 15 ). In “Rigved”, and other “Sanskrit” source such as “purans” also indicates about the Indus movement. Chandragupta Maurya was the greatest emperor and “The great Ashoka” was his great grandson, who ruled 268 to231
B.C.E. The Maurya period was a general designation for art of South Asia during Ashoka’s time. The most famous Maurya art images, such as “stups”, stone sculpture and iron “pillars” were products of the Ashoka’s imperial workshop. It also influence of the Greek architecture. These Stone “stups” and iron “pillars” were finished in special ways, polished with sandstone and are associated with Buddhism. The “pillars” were crowned with the statue of two or three lions, sitting on the top of the wheel (“dharma chakra”). A

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