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Article XIX: “The Ballot or the Bullet” (Malcolm X)The Ballot or the Bullet:“Now in speaking like this, it doesn’t mean that we’re anti-white, but it does mean we’re anti-exploitation, we’re anti-degradation, we’re anti-oppression. And if the white man doesn’t want us to be anti-him, let him stop oppressing and exploiting and degrading us.“If we don’t do something real soon, I think you’ll have to agree that we’re going to be forced either to use the ballot or the bullet.“Being here in America doesn’t make you an American. Being born here in America doesn’t make you an American. Why, if birth made you American, you wouldn’t need any legislation, you wouldn’t need any amendments to the Constitution, you wouldn’t be faced with civil rights filibustering in Washington, D.C., right now. They don’t have to pass civil-rights legislation to make a Polack an American.” “They get all the Negro vote, and after they get it, the Negro gets nothing in return.” “That old interpretation excluded us. It kept us out. So, we’re giving a new interpretation to the civil-rights struggle, an interpretation that will enable us to come into it, take part in it.“We’re behind where we were in 1954. There’s more segregation now than there was in 1954. There’s more racial animosity, more racial hatred, more racial violence today in 1964, than there was in 1954. Where is the progress?” “The black nationalists, those whose philosophy is black nationalism, in brining about this new interpretation of the entire meaning of civil rights, look upon it as meaning equality of opportunity.”“You let the white man walk around here talking about how rich this country is, but you never stop to think how it got rich so quick. It got rich because you made it rich.”“This is our investment. This is our contribution—our blood. Not only did we give ofour free labor, we gave of our blood.” “The Supreme Court decision outlawed segregation, which means segregation is against the law.” “Human rights are something you were born with.”“When those brothers rom Asia and Africa and the darker parts of this earth get together, their voting power is sufficient to hold Sam in check.”“The dark people are waking up. They’re losing their fear of the white man.” “It is not necessary to change the white man’s mind. We have to change our own mind.”“We have to see each other as brothers and sisters. We have to come together with warmth so we can develop unity and harmony that’s necessary to get this problem solved ourselves.”“Anywhere there’s a church that is also preaching and practicing the gospel of black nationalism, join that church.”