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3910Intro3 - -ough o cough though through bough tough...

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Different levels of linguistic analysis • phonetics sounds perception, production • phonology application of sound rules e.g., un happy vs. in destructible, il logical, im moral, ir relevant, in complete • morphology minimal units of meaning new words prefixes, suffixes • semantics word level sentence level • syntax sentence structure word order • pragmatics conversation, language in use International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) • need for a single system worldwide, 1-to-1 correspondence of symbol to sound; problems with English spelling
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Unformatted text preview: -ough: o cough, though, through, bough, tough, thought -"circle" has two different pronunciations of "c"-"g" is either soft (as in "gem") or hard ("get") • consonants most look like how we write ours, but borrow characters “th”: [ ] theta, thin, from Greek [ ] eth, this, from Old English “sh”: [ ] or [ ] ship “ch”: [ ] church “ng”: [ ] sing glottal stop [ ] Houghton • vowels: problem with our 5 vowels: need about 14 (so borrow from other places)...
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  • Spring '08
  • BERGVALL
  • International Phonetic Alphabet, syntax sentence structure, word level sentence, new words prefixes, morphology minimal units

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