3910Intro3 - -ough: o cough, though, through, bough, tough,...

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Different levels of linguistic analysis • phonetics sounds perception, production • phonology application of sound rules e.g., un happy vs. in destructible, il logical, im moral, ir relevant, in complete • morphology minimal units of meaning new words prefixes, suffixes • semantics word level sentence level • syntax sentence structure word order • pragmatics conversation, language in use International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) • need for a single system worldwide, 1-to-1 correspondence of symbol to sound; problems with English spelling
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Unformatted text preview: -ough: o cough, though, through, bough, tough, thought -"circle" has two different pronunciations of "c"-"g" is either soft (as in "gem") or hard ("get") consonants most look like how we write ours, but borrow characters th: [ ] theta, thin, from Greek [ ] eth, this, from Old English sh: [ ] or [ ] ship ch: [ ] church ng: [ ] sing glottal stop [ ] Houghton vowels: problem with our 5 vowels: need about 14 (so borrow from other places)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course HU 3910 taught by Professor Bergvall during the Spring '08 term at Michigan Technological University.

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3910Intro3 - -ough: o cough, though, through, bough, tough,...

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