211690_biomimetics22_Revised - Biomimetics in Dentistry 1...

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Biomimetics in Dentistry 1 Biomimetics in Dentistry 1. Introduction 2. Potential Applications of Biomimetics in Dentistry a. Regeneration of dental structures b. Development of artificial salivary gland 3. Regeneration of Human Tissue and Organ from Marine Organisms: A Novel and Promising Application of Biomimetics in Dentistry a. Aims of the study 4. Similarities and Differences between the Use of Biomimetics in Dentistry from the Last Decade and Today a. Similarities b. Differences 5. Conclusion 6. References Biomimetics in Dentistry Introduction Dental care involves a number of activities carried out around and inside the mouth. The undertakings are aimed at enhancing the individual’s oral health. Dentistry involves the provision of professional oral hygiene services. In addition, it entails dental surgery. Biomimetic dentistry is a modern method of taking care of the teeth. It rehabilitates damaged dental tissues to make them fully functional. The process is carried out through tissue bonding to ensure that the tooth can perform its natural and biological activities (Magne & Belser 2002). Biomimetic dentistry is different from traditional prosthodontic principles. Conventional prostodontic concepts involve stabilisation and retention. They are not aligned to the biological functions of the tooth.
Biomimetics in Dentistry 2 Some of the traditional principles include the use of porcelain fused to metal crowns to treat broken teeth (Berkovitz, Holland & Moxham 2009; Ravindran et al. 2014). Such methods do not restore the original strength of the tooth. However, biomimetic dentistry ensures that any broken or damaged tooth is restored back to its original shape. Different biomimetic methods have been used in the last decade to improve dental health. The applications have developed progressively with time. In this essay, the author will evaluate and compare the use of biomimetics within the last decade (Ravindran & George 2015; Ravindran & George 2014). New potential applications of biomimetics in dentistry will also be identified. A design of a new, novel, and ambiguous experiment to be carried out to achieve the goals of the new application will be provided. New and Potential Applications of Biomimetics in Dentistry Regeneration of Dental Structures For many years, different methods have been being developed to help practitioners provide dental care. Regeneration of dental structures is one of the new applications of biomimetics in dentistry. Regeneration involves changing the shape of the tooth (Deepak & Reddy 2014). The use of biomimetics in dentistry allows for the regeneration of dentin-pulp complex. The complex or the endodontium contains the pulp. The pulp is the central part of the tooth. It contains living connective tissues (Garcia-Godoy & Murray 2004). Problems associated with sensitivity of the tooth are caused by a weak dental pulp. In most cases, the problems occur when the tissues are exposed to the outside environment ( Liu, DeGroot & Hunziker 2004). The dental pulp can also be affected by external stimuli like caries (Thesleff & Tummers 2003).

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