Government Notes 2

Government Notes 2 - The Policy Paradox o Paradox a...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Policy Paradox o Paradox – a seemingly contradicting statement that may nonetheless be true o Public policy – what the government chooses to do or not do o In a poll conducted by Stone, 48% want to cut welfare payments, but 47% agreed that we should increase money spent on poor children (9% do not) Paradox – Americans seem to want to cut welfare and increase spending on poor children at the same time o Bob Dole put forward an amendment to balance the budget “We really win if we win, but we may also win when we lose.” o Stone’s problem – we have lots of paradoxes Rationality project – using rational choice theory and positive analysis cannot explain paradoxes; not sufficient to explain why things work the way they do 1. Rationality is a narrow conception of how humans act (irrational, emotional, act on impulse) 2. Stone does not like the market model of politics (politics market = rational choice theory) 3. There is not a satisfying model of politics 4. The field worships objectivity but it cannot achieve it (positive analysis wants to be value-free An attack on rational choice theory o Stone’s argument “The analytical standards… are politically constructive.” How we analyze politics in politically constructive When people analyze policy, they try to make the point that theirs is best (privilege what they think is correct) Paradox – they say they are not using values, but they are Stone’s Conception of Politics o Politics as a market The market is a social system where individuals are maximizing their own welfare by exchanging things Mutually beneficial (if not, then it’s not a market) Buyers and sellers are in competition (sell highest and buy cheapest) Produce goods at cheapest cost Increase profit margin In terms of politics – 10 characteristics 1. Unit of analysis (individual) 2. Motivations (self-interests) 3. Chief conflict (competition of self-interests) 4. Sources of people ideas (from own individual’s self- interests) 5. The nature of collective authority (competition)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6. Criteria for individual decision making (self-interests) 7. Building blocks for social action 8. The nature of information (full and complete) 9. How things work (laws of matter) 10. Sources of change (maximization of self-interests) Stones’ Conception of Politics (continued) o The Polis Model (polis = city-state) Community Rational-choice theory focuses on the individual o Too simplistic Can not have politics without a group; can only happen in a community Community center for action Community can define its own social and political right (some people in Lubbock who can’t vote may not be part of the Lubbock community) Public interest Has 4 different meanings o Individual interests held in common o Goals for the community o Goals for the community held by the majority of the community
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLS 2302 taught by Professor Arwine during the Spring '08 term at Texas Tech.

Page1 / 11

Government Notes 2 - The Policy Paradox o Paradox a...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online