Lab 3 - Synthesis of Soap Taylor Warinner-Calixto Partner Heather Allen Chemistry 112\/008 Research Ques\u00b1ons 1 What are the components of soap 2 With

Lab 3 - Synthesis of Soap Taylor Warinner-Calixto Partner...

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Synthesis of SoapTaylor Warinner-CalixtoPartner: Heather AllenChemistry 112/0082/2/16Research Questions:
1.What are the components of soap?2.With which salt(s) does soap form a precipitate?Observations and ResultsTable 1: Synthesis and Soap and ObservationsStep in the synthesisObservationsCombined reactants in beakerWhen we originally added the ethyl alcohol to the coconut oil nothing visible happened. After we added the 6M sodium hydroxide the liquid turned cloudy then after mixing for 30 seconds turned milky but the liquid and coconut oil didn’t combine fullyBegan heating reactantsThe reaction didn’t happen right away. The substances started to turn a dirty yellow color. The substances started to boil slightly and remained a liquid.Completed heating reactantsSubstance began to rapidly boil. We had to take the beaker off to stop the boiling then return it to the heat to keep heating. Once it stopped boiling over little white bubble formed at the bottom and the substance turned to a thick and cream color. NaCl addedThick substance from heating reaction was turned so a solid. It didn’tmix fully and the soap was in chunky piecesSolution is vacuum filteredSolution became dry as all the liquid was sucked through the vacuumfilter. The soap still stayed somewhat moist thoughDI water addedDI water didn’t affect the soap. It helped get the excess soap out of the beaker, but no reaction occurred Table 2: Reaction of Soap with Various IonsReaction with…NaClNaCl and soapy water didn’t combine. The NaCl formed a clearish film at the bottomof the test tube. After time went by nothing changed.FeCl3The FeCl3 and soapy water immediately mixed and turned a cloudy orange. Nothingchanged after time went on.CaCl2When the CaCl2 was added to the soapy water a cream colored solid formed at the bottom in chunks. After a while they mixed slightly and turned the liquid a milky color.MgCl2When we first added the MgCl2 to the soapy water the liquids stayed separate. They then started to combine and form a cloudy and slightly pale blue. After time went by they combined even more and became very cloudy and slightly thicker.Claims:

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